Motor Control Pulse Width Modulator (MCPWM)

The MCPWM peripheral is a versatile PWM generator, which contains various submodules to make it a key element in power electronic applications like motor control, digital power and so on. Typically, the MCPWM peripheral can be used in the following scenarios:

  • Digital motor control, e.g. brushed/brushless DC motor, RC servo motor

  • Switch mode based digital power conversion

  • Power DAC, where the duty cycle is equivalent to a DAC analog value

  • Calculate external pulse width, and convert it into other analog value like speed, distance

  • Generate Space Vector PWM (SVPWM) signals for Field Oriented Control (FOC)

The main submodules are listed in the following diagram:

MCPWM Overview

  • MCPWM Timer: The time base of the final PWM signal, it also determines the event timing of other submodules.

  • MCPWM Operator: The key module that is responsible for generating the PWM waveforms. It consists of other submodules, like comparator, PWM generator, dead-time and carrier modulator.

  • MCPWM Comparator: The compare module takes the time-base count value as input, and continuously compare to the threshold value that configured by user. When the time-base counter is equal to any of the threshold value, an compare event will be generated and the MCPWM generator can update its level accordingly.

  • MCPWM Generator: One MCPWM generator can generate a pair of PWM waves, complementarily or independently, based on various events triggered from other submodules like MCPWM Timer, MCPWM Comparator.

  • MCPWM Fault: The fault module is used to detect the fault condition from outside, mainly via GPIO matrix. Once the fault signal is active, MCPWM Operator will force all the generators into a predefined state, to protect the system from damage.

  • MCPWM Sync: The sync module is used to synchronize the MCPWM timers, so that the final PWM signals generated by different MCPWM generators can have a fixed phase difference. The sync signal can be routed from GPIO matrix or from MCPWM Timer event.

  • Dead Time: This submodule is used to insert extra delay to the existing PWM edges that generated in the previous steps.

  • Carrier Modulation: The carrier submodule allows a high-frequency carrier signal to modulate the PWM waveforms generated by the generator and dead time submodules. This capability is mandatory if you need pulse transformer-based gate drivers to control the power switching elements.

  • Brake: MCPWM operator can set how to brake the generators when particular fault is detected. We can shut down the PWM output immediately or regulate the PWM output cycle by cycle, depends on how critical the fault is.

  • MCPWM Capture: This is a standalone submodule which can work even without the above MCPWM operators. The capture consists one dedicated timer and several independent channels. Each channel is connected to the GPIO, a pulse on the GPIO will trigger the capture timer to store the time-base count value and then notify the user by interrupt. Using this feature, we can measure a pulse width precisely. What’s more, the capture timer can also be synchronized by the MCPWM Sync submodule.

Functional Overview

Description of the MCPWM functionality is divided into the following sections:

  • Resource Allocation and Initialization - covers how to allocate various MCPWM objects, like timers, operators, comparators, generators and so on. These objects are the basis of the following IO setting and control functions.

  • Timer Operations and Events - describes control functions and event callbacks that supported by the MCPWM timer.

  • Comparator Operations and Events - describes control functions and event callbacks that supported by the MCPWM comparator.

  • Generator Actions on Events - describes how to set actions for MCPWM generators on particular events that generated by the MCPWM timer and comparators.

  • Classical PWM Waveforms and Generator Configurations - demonstrates some classical PWM waveforms that can be achieved by configuring generator actions.

  • Dead Time - describes how to set dead time for MCPWM generators.

  • Classical PWM Waveforms and Dead Time Configurations - demonstrates some classical PWM waveforms that can be achieved by configuring dead time.

  • Carrier Modulation - describes how to set modulate a high frequency onto the final PWM waveforms.

  • Faults and Brake Actions - describes how to set brake actions for MCPWM operators on particular fault event.

  • Generator Force Actions - describes how to control the generator output level asynchronously in a forceful way.

  • Synchronization - describes how to synchronize the MCPWM timers and get a fixed phase difference between the generated PWM signals.

  • Capture - describes how to use the MCPWM capture module to measure the pulse width of a signal.

  • Power Management - describes how different source clock will affect power consumption.

  • IRAM Safe - describes tips on how to make the RMT interrupt work better along with a disabled cache.

  • Thread Safety - lists which APIs are guaranteed to be thread safe by the driver.

  • Kconfig Options - lists the supported Kconfig options that can bring different effects to the driver.

Resource Allocation and Initialization

As displayed in the diagram above, the MCPWM peripheral consists of several submodules. Each submodule has its own resource allocation, which is described in the following sections.

MCPWM Timers

You can allocate a MCPWM timer object by calling mcpwm_new_timer() function, with a configuration structure mcpwm_timer_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_timer() will return a pointer to the allocated timer object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free timers in the MCPWM group, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_timer() function will free the allocated timer object.

MCPWM Operators

You can allocate a MCPWM operator object by calling mcpwm_new_operator()() function, with a configuration structure mcpwm_operator_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_operator()() will return a pointer to the allocated operator object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free operators in the MCPWM group, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_operator()() function will free the allocated operator object.

MCPWM Comparators

You can allocate a MCPWM comparator object by calling mcpwm_new_comparator() function, with a MCPWM operator handle and configuration structure mcpwm_comparator_config_t as the parameter. The operator handle is created by mcpwm_new_operator()(). The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_comparator() will return a pointer to the allocated comparator object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free comparators in the MCPWM operator, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_comparator() function will free the allocated comparator object.

MCPWM Generators

You can allocate a MCPWM generator object by calling mcpwm_new_generator() function, with a MCPWM operator handle and configuration structure mcpwm_generator_config_t as the parameter. The operator handle is created by mcpwm_new_operator()(). The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_generator() will return a pointer to the allocated generator object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free generators in the MCPWM operator, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_generator() function will free the allocated generator object.

MCPWM Faults

There are two types of faults: A fault signal reflected from the GPIO and a fault generated by software. To allocate a GPIO fault object, you can call mcpwm_new_gpio_fault() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_gpio_fault_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_gpio_fault() will return a pointer to the allocated fault object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free GPIO faults in the MCPWM group, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

Software fault object can be used to trigger a fault by calling a function mcpwm_soft_fault_activate() instead of waiting for a real fault signal on the GPIO. A software fault object can be allocated by calling mcpwm_new_soft_fault() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_soft_fault_config_t as the parameter. Currently this configuration structure is left for future purpose. mcpwm_new_soft_fault() function will return a pointer to the allocated fault object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no memory left for the fault object, this function will return ESP_ERR_NO_MEM error. Although the software fault and GPIO fault are of different types, but the returned fault handle is of the same type.

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_fault() function will free the allocated fault object, this function works for both software and GPIO fault.

MCPWM Sync Sources

The sync source is what can be used to synchronize the MCPWM timer and MCPWM capture timer. There’re three types of sync sources: A sync source reflected from the GPIO, a sync source generated by software and a sync source generated by MCPWM timer event.

To allocate a GPIO sync source, you can call mcpwm_new_gpio_sync_src() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_gpio_sync_src_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_gpio_sync_src() will return a pointer to the allocated sync source object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no more free GPIO sync sources in the MCPWM group, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

To allocate a Timer event sync source, you can call mcpwm_new_timer_sync_src() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_timer_sync_src_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_timer_sync_src() will return a pointer to the allocated sync source object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, if a sync source has been allocated from the same timer before, this function will return ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE error.

Last but not least, to allocate a software sync source, you can call mcpwm_new_soft_sync_src() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_soft_sync_config_t as the parameter. Currently this configuration structure is left for future purpose. mcpwm_new_soft_sync_src() will return a pointer to the allocated sync source object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no memory left for the sync source object, this function will return ESP_ERR_NO_MEM error. Please note, to make a software sync source take effect, don’t forget to call mcpwm_soft_sync_activate().

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_sync_src() function will free the allocated sync source object, this function works for all types of sync sources.

MCPWM Capture Timer and Channels

The MCPWM group has a dedicated timer which is used to capture the timestamp when specific event occurred. The capture timer is connected with several independent channels, each channel is assigned with a GPIO.

To allocate a capture timer, you can call mcpwm_new_capture_timer() function, with configuration structure mcpwm_capture_timer_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_capture_timer() will return a pointer to the allocated capture timer object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no free capture timer left in the MCPWM group, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error. 1

Next, to allocate a capture channel, you can call mcpwm_new_capture_channel() function, with a capture timer handle and configuration structure mcpwm_capture_channel_config_t as the parameter. The configuration structure is defined as:

The mcpwm_new_capture_channel() will return a pointer to the allocated capture channel object if the allocation succeeds. Otherwise, it will return error code. Specifically, when there are no free capture channel left in the capture timer, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error.

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_del_capture_channel() and mcpwm_del_capture_timer() function will free the allocated capture channel and timer object accordingly.

Timer Operations and Events

Register Event Callbacks

The MCPWM timer can generate different events at runtime. If you have some function that should be called when particular event happens, you should hook your function to the interrupt service routine by calling mcpwm_timer_register_event_callbacks(). The callback function prototype is declared in mcpwm_timer_event_cb_t. All supported event callbacks are listed in the mcpwm_timer_event_callbacks_t:

The callback functions above are called within the ISR context, so they should not attempt to block (e.g., make sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix is called within the function).

The parameter user_data of mcpwm_timer_register_event_callbacks() function is used to save user’s own context, it will be passed to each callback function directly.

This function will lazy install interrupt service for the MCPWM timer without enabling it. It is only allowed to be called before before mcpwm_timer_enable(), otherwise the ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE error will be returned. See also Enable and Disable timer for more information.

Enable and Disable Timer

Before doing IO control to the timer, user needs to enable the timer first, by calling mcpwm_timer_enable(). Internally, this function will:

  • switch the timer state from init to enable.

  • enable the interrupt service if it has been lazy installed by mcpwm_timer_register_event_callbacks().

  • acquire a proper power management lock if a specific clock source (e.g. PLL_160M clock) is selected. See also Power management for more information.

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_timer_disable() will put the timer driver back to init state, disable the interrupts service and release the power management lock.

Start and Stop Timer

The basic IO operation of a timer is to start and stop. Calling mcpwm_timer_start_stop() with different mcpwm_timer_start_stop_cmd_t commands can start the timer immediately or stop the timer at a specific event. What’re more, you can even start the timer for only one round, that means, the timer will count to peak value or zero, and then stop itself.

Connect Timer with Operator

The allocated MCPWM Timer should be connected with a MCPWM operator by calling mcpwm_operator_connect_timer(), so that the operator can take that timer as its time base, and generate the required PWM waves. Make sure the MCPWM timer and operator are in the same group, otherwise, this function will return ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG error.

Comparator Operations and Events

Register Event Callbacks

The MCPWM comparator can inform the user when the timer counter equals to the compare value. If you have some function that should be called when this event happens, you should hook your function to the interrupt service routine by calling mcpwm_comparator_register_event_callbacks(). The callback function prototype is declared in mcpwm_compare_event_cb_t. All supported event callbacks are listed in the mcpwm_comparator_event_callbacks_t:

The callback function will provide event specific data of type mcpwm_compare_event_data_t to the user. The callback function is called within the ISR context, so is should not attempt to block (e.g., make sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix is called within the function).

The parameter user_data of mcpwm_comparator_register_event_callbacks() function is used to save user’s own context, it will be passed to the callback function directly.

This function will lazy install interrupt service for the MCPWM comparator, whereas the service can only be removed in mcpwm_del_comparator.

Set Compare Value

You can set the compare value for the MCPWM comparator at runtime by calling mcpwm_comparator_set_compare_value(). There’re a few points to note:

Generator Actions on Events

Set Generator Action on Timer Event

One generator can set multiple actions on different timer events, by calling mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event() with variable number of action configurations. The action configuration is defined in mcpwm_gen_timer_event_action_t:

There’s a helper macro MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION to simplify the construction of a timer event action entry.

Please note, the argument list of mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event() must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END.

Set Generator Action on Compare Event

One generator can set multiple actions on different compare events, by calling mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event() with variable number of action configurations. The action configuration is defined in mcpwm_gen_compare_event_action_t:

There’s a helper macro MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION to simplify the construction of a compare event action entry.

Please note, the argument list of mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event() must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END.

Classical PWM Waveforms and Generator Configurations

This section will demonstrate the classical PWM waveforms that can be generated by the pair of the generators. The code snippet that is used to generate the waveforms is also provided below the diagram. Some general summary:

  • The Symmetric or Asymmetric of the waveforms are determined by the count mode of the MCPWM timer.

  • The active level of the waveform pair is determined by the level of the PWM with a smaller duty cycle.

  • The period of the PWM waveform is determined by the timer’s period and count mode.

  • The duty cycle of the PWM waveform is determined by the generator’s various action combinations.

Asymmetric Single Edge Active High

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Asymmetric Single Edge Active Low

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_FULL, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_FULL, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Asymmetric Pulse Placement

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_TOGGLE),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Asymmetric Dual Edge Active Low

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_FULL, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Symmetric Dual Edge Active Low

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Symmetric Dual Edge Complementary

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

Dead Time

In power electronics, the rectifier and inverter are commonly used. This requires the use of rectifier bridge and inverter bridge. Each bridge arm has two power electronic devices, such as MOSFET, IGBT, etc. The two MOSFETs on the same arm can’t conduct at the same time, otherwise there will be a short circuit. The fact is that, although the PWM wave shows it is turning off the switch, but the MOSFET still needs a small time window to make that happen. This requires an extra delay to be added to the existing PWM wave that generated by setting Generator Actions on Events.

The dead-time driver works like a decorator, which is also reflected in the function parameters of mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(), where it takes the primary generator handle (in_generator), and returns a generator (out_generator) after applying the dead-time. Please note, if the out_generator and in_generator are the same, it means we’re adding the time delay to the PWM waveform in a “in-place” fashion. In turn, if the out_generator and in_generator are different, it means we’re deriving a new PWM waveform from the existing in_generator.

Dead-time specific configuration is listed in the mcpwm_dead_time_config_t structure:

Note

It is also possible to generate the required dead time by setting Generator Actions on Events, especially by controlling edge placement using different comparators. However, if the more classical edge delay-based dead time with polarity control is required, then the dead-time submodule should be used.

Classical PWM Waveforms and Dead Time Configurations

This section will demonstrate the classical PWM waveforms that can be generated by the dead-time submodule. The code snippet that is used to generate the waveforms is also provided below the diagram.

Active High Complementary

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 50,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0
    };
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 0;
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 100;
    dead_time_config.flags.invert_output = true;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Active Low Complementary

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 50,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
        .flags.invert_output = true
    };
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 0;
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 100;
    dead_time_config.flags.invert_output = false;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Active High

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 50,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
    };
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 0;
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 100;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Active Low

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 50,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
        .flags.invert_output = true
    };
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 0;
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 100;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Rising Delay on PWMA, Bypass deadtime for PWMB

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 50,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
    };
    // apply deadtime to generator_a
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    // bypass deadtime module for generator_b
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 0;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(genb, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Falling Delay on PWMB, Bypass deadtime for PWMA

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 0,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
    };
    // generator_a bypass the deadtime module (no delay)
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    // apply dead time to generator_b
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 50;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(genb, genb, &dead_time_config));

}

Rising and Falling Delay on PWMB, Bypass deadtime for PWMA

static void gen_action_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpa, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpb)
{
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(gena,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpa, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH),
                    MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(genb,
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, cmpb, MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW),
                    MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()));
}

static void dead_time_config(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gena, mcpwm_gen_handle_t genb)
{
    mcpwm_dead_time_config_t dead_time_config = {
        .posedge_delay_ticks = 0,
        .negedge_delay_ticks = 0,
    };
    // generator_a bypass the deadtime module (no delay)
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(gena, gena, &dead_time_config));
    // apply dead time on both edge for generator_b
    dead_time_config.negedge_delay_ticks = 50;
    dead_time_config.posedge_delay_ticks = 50;
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(genb, genb, &dead_time_config));
}

Carrier Modulation

The MCPWM operator has a carrier submodule that can be used if galvanic isolation from the motor driver is required (e.g. isolated digital power application) by passing the PWM output signals through transformers. Any of PWM output signals may be at 100% duty and not changing whenever motor is required to run steady at the full load. Coupling of non alternating signals with a transformer is problematic, so the signals are modulated by the carrier submodule to create an AC waveform, to make the coupling possible.

To configure the carrier submodule, you can call mcpwm_operator_apply_carrier(), and provide configuration structure mcpwm_carrier_config_t:

Specifically, the carrier submodule can be disabled by calling mcpwm_operator_apply_carrier() with a NULL configuration.

Faults and Brake Actions

The MCPWM operator is able to sense external signals with information about failure of the motor, the power driver or any other device connected. These failure signals are encapsulated into MCPWM fault objects.

The user should determine possible failure modes of the motor and what action should be performed on detection of particular fault, e.g. drive all outputs low for a brushed motor, or lock current state for a stepper motor, etc. As result of this action the motor should be put into a safe state to reduce likelihood of a damage caused by the fault.

Set Operator Brake Mode on Fault

The way that MCPWM operator reacts to the fault is called Brake. The MCPWM operator can be configured to perform different brake modes for each fault object by calling mcpwm_operator_set_brake_on_fault(). Brake specific configuration is passed as a structure mcpwm_brake_config_t:

Set Generator Action on Brake Event

One generator can set multiple actions on different brake events, by calling mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_brake_event() with variable number of action configurations. The action configuration is defined in mcpwm_gen_brake_event_action_t:

There’s a helper macro MCPWM_GEN_BRAKE_EVENT_ACTION to simplify the construction of a brake event action entry.

Please note, the argument list of mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_brake_event() must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_BRAKE_EVENT_ACTION_END.

Register Fault Event Callbacks

The MCPWM fault detector can inform the user when it detects a valid fault or a fault signal disappears. If you have some function that should be called when such event happens, you should hook your function to the interrupt service routine by calling mcpwm_fault_register_event_callbacks(). The callback function prototype is declared in mcpwm_fault_event_cb_t. All supported event callbacks are listed in the mcpwm_fault_event_callbacks_t:

The callback function is called within the ISR context, so is should not attempt to block (e.g., make sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix is called within the function).

The parameter user_data of mcpwm_fault_register_event_callbacks() function is used to save user’s own context, it will be passed to the callback function directly.

This function will lazy install interrupt service for the MCPWM fault, whereas the service can only be removed in mcpwm_del_fault.

Register Brake Event Callbacks

The MCPWM operator can inform the user when it going to take a brake action. If you have some function that should be called when this event happens, you should hook your function to the interrupt service routine by calling mcpwm_operator_register_event_callbacks(). The callback function prototype is declared in mcpwm_brake_event_cb_t. All supported event callbacks are listed in the mcpwm_operator_event_callbacks_t:

The callback function is called within the ISR context, so is should not attempt to block (e.g., make sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix is called within the function).

The parameter user_data of mcpwm_operator_register_event_callbacks() function is used to save user’s own context, it will be passed to the callback function directly.

This function will lazy install interrupt service for the MCPWM operator, whereas the service can only be removed in mcpwm_del_operator.

Generator Force Actions

Software can override generator output level at runtime, by calling mcpwm_generator_set_force_level(). The software force level always has a higher priority than other event actions set in e.g. mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event().

  • Set the level to -1 means to disable the force action, and the generator’s output level will be controlled by the event actions again.

  • Set the hold_on to true, the force output level will keep alive, until it’s removed by assigning level to -1.

  • Set the hole_on to false, the force output level will only be active for a short time, any upcoming event can override it.

Synchronization

When a sync signal is taken by the MCPWM timer, the timer will be forced into a predefined phase, where the phase is determined by count value and count direction. You can set the sync phase by calling mcpwm_timer_set_phase_on_sync(). The sync phase configuration is defined in mcpwm_timer_sync_phase_config_t structure:

Likewise, the MCPWM capture timer MCPWM Capture Timer can be synced as well. You can set the sync phase for the capture timer by calling mcpwm_capture_timer_set_phase_on_sync(). The sync phase configuration is defined in mcpwm_capture_timer_sync_phase_config_t structure:

Sync Timers by GPIO

GPIO Sync All MCPWM Timers

static void example_setup_sync_strategy(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timers[])
{
    mcpwm_sync_handle_t gpio_sync_source = NULL;
    mcpwm_gpio_sync_src_config_t gpio_sync_config = {
        .group_id = 0,              // GPIO fault should be in the same group of the above timers
        .gpio_num = EXAMPLE_SYNC_GPIO,
        .flags.pull_down = true,
        .flags.active_neg = false,  // by default, a posedge pulse can trigger a sync event
    };
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_new_gpio_sync_src(&gpio_sync_config, &gpio_sync_source));

    mcpwm_timer_sync_phase_config_t sync_phase_config = {
        .count_value = 0,                      // sync phase: target count value
        .direction = MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP, // sync phase: count direction
        .sync_src = gpio_sync_source,          // sync source
    };
    for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        ESP_ERROR_CHECK(mcpwm_timer_set_phase_on_sync(timers[i], &sync_phase_config));
    }
}

Capture

The basic functionality of MCPWM capture is to record the time when any pulse edge of the capture signal turns active. Then you can get the pulse width and convert it into other physical quantity like distance or speed in the capture callback function. For example, in the BLDC (Brushless DC, see figure below) scenario, we can use the capture submodule to sense the rotor position from Hall sensor.

Example of Brushless DC Motor Control with MCPWM

MCPWM BLDC with Hall Sensor

The capture timer is usually connected with several capture channels, please refer to MCPWM Capture Timer and Channels for resource allocation.

Register Event Callbacks

The MCPWM capture channel can inform the user when there’s a valid edge detected on the signal. You have to register a callback function to get the timer count value of the capture moment, by calling mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks(). The callback function prototype is declared in mcpwm_capture_event_cb_t. All supported capture callbacks are listed in the mcpwm_capture_event_callbacks_t:

The callback function will provide event specific data of type mcpwm_capture_event_data_t, so that you can get the edge of the capture signal in mcpwm_capture_event_data_t::cap_edge and the count value of that moment in mcpwm_capture_event_data_t::cap_value. To convert the capture count into timestamp, you need to know the resolution of the capture timer by calling mcpwm_capture_timer_get_resolution().

The callback function is called within the ISR context, so is should not attempt to block (e.g., make sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix is called within the function).

The parameter user_data of mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks() function is used to save user’s own context, it will be passed to the callback function directly.

This function will lazy install interrupt service for the MCPWM capture channel, whereas the service can only be removed in mcpwm_del_capture_channel.

Enable and Disable Capture Channel

The capture channel is not enabled after allocation by mcpwm_new_capture_channel(). You should call mcpwm_capture_channel_enable() and mcpwm_capture_channel_disable() accordingly to enable or disable the channel. If the interrupt service is lazy installed during registering event callbacks for the channel in mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks(), mcpwm_capture_channel_enable() will enable the interrupt service as well.

Enable and Disable Capture Timer

Before doing IO control to the capture timer, user needs to enable the timer first, by calling mcpwm_capture_timer_enable(). Internally, this function will:

  • switch the capture timer state from init to enable.

  • acquire a proper power management lock if a specific clock source (e.g. APB clock) is selected. See also Power management for more information.

On the contrary, calling mcpwm_capture_timer_disable() will put the timer driver back to init state, and release the power management lock.

Start and Stop Capture Timer

The basic IO operation of a capture timer is to start and stop. Calling mcpwm_capture_timer_start() can start the timer and calling mcpwm_capture_timer_stop() can stop the timer immediately.

Trigger a Software Capture Event

Sometime, the software also wants to trigger a “fake” capture event. The mcpwm_capture_channel_trigger_soft_catch() is provided for that purpose. Please note that, even though it’s a “fake” capture event, it can still cause an interrupt, thus your capture event callback function will get invoked as well.

Power Management

When power management is enabled (i.e. CONFIG_PM_ENABLE is on), the system will adjust the PLL, APB frequency before going into light sleep, thus potentially changing the period of a MCPWM timers’ counting step and leading to inaccurate time keeping.

However, the driver can prevent the system from changing APB frequency by acquiring a power management lock of type ESP_PM_APB_FREQ_MAX. Whenever the driver creates a MCPWM timer instance that has selected MCPWM_TIMER_CLK_SRC_PLL160M as its clock source, the driver will guarantee that the power management lock is acquired when enable the timer by mcpwm_timer_enable(). Likewise, the driver releases the lock when mcpwm_timer_disable() is called for that timer.

Likewise, Whenever the driver creates a MCPWM capture timer instance that has selected MCPWM_CAPTURE_CLK_SRC_APB as its clock source, the driver will guarantee that the power management lock is acquired when enable the timer by mcpwm_capture_timer_enable(). And will release the lock in mcpwm_capture_timer_disable().

IRAM Safe

By default, the MCPWM interrupt will be deferred when the Cache is disabled for reasons like writing/erasing Flash. Thus the event callback functions will not get executed in time, which is not expected in a real-time application.

There’s a Kconfig option CONFIG_MCPWM_ISR_IRAM_SAFE that will:

  1. Enable the interrupt being serviced even when cache is disabled

  2. Place all functions that used by the ISR into IRAM 2

  3. Place driver object into DRAM (in case it’s mapped to PSRAM by accident)

This will allow the interrupt to run while the cache is disabled but will come at the cost of increased IRAM consumption.

There is another Kconfig option CONFIG_MCPWM_CTRL_FUNC_IN_IRAM that can put commonly used IO control functions into IRAM as well. So, these functions can also be executable when the cache is disabled. These IO control functions are as follows:

Thread Safety

The factory functions like mcpwm_new_timer() are guaranteed to be thread safe by the driver, which means, you can call it from different RTOS tasks without protection by extra locks.

The following functions are allowed to run under ISR context, as the driver uses a critical section to prevent them being called concurrently in the task and ISR.

Other functions that are not related to Resource Allocation, are not thread safe. Thus, you should avoid calling them in different tasks without mutex protection.

Kconfig Options

Application Examples

API Reference

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_timer(const mcpwm_timer_config_t *config, mcpwm_timer_handle_t *ret_timer)

Create MCPWM timer.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM timer configuration

  • ret_timer[out] Returned MCPWM timer handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM timer failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM timer failed because all hardware timers are used up and no more free one

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_timer(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer)

Delete MCPWM timer.

Parameters

timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Delete MCPWM timer failed because timer is not in init state

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_timer_enable(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer)

Enable MCPWM timer.

Parameters

timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Enable MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Enable MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Enable MCPWM timer failed because timer is enabled already

  • ESP_FAIL: Enable MCPWM timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_timer_disable(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer)

Disable MCPWM timer.

Parameters

timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Disable MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Disable MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Disable MCPWM timer failed because timer is disabled already

  • ESP_FAIL: Disable MCPWM timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_timer_start_stop(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer, mcpwm_timer_start_stop_cmd_t command)

Send specific start/stop commands to MCPWM timer.

Parameters
  • timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

  • command[in] Supported command list for MCPWM timer

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Start or stop MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Start or stop MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Start or stop MCPWM timer failed because timer is not enabled

  • ESP_FAIL: Start or stop MCPWM timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_timer_register_event_callbacks(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer, const mcpwm_timer_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set event callbacks for MCPWM timer.

Note

The first call to this function needs to be before the call to mcpwm_timer_enable

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Parameters
  • timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

  • cbs[in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data[in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set event callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set event callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Set event callbacks failed because timer is not in init state

  • ESP_FAIL: Set event callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_timer_set_phase_on_sync(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer, const mcpwm_timer_sync_phase_config_t *config)

Set sync phase for MCPWM timer.

Parameters
  • timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

  • config[in] MCPWM timer sync phase configuration

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set sync phase for MCPWM timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set sync phase for MCPWM timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set sync phase for MCPWM timer failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_timer_event_callbacks_t

Group of supported MCPWM timer event callbacks.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR environment

Public Members

mcpwm_timer_event_cb_t on_full

callback function when MCPWM timer counts to peak value

mcpwm_timer_event_cb_t on_empty

callback function when MCPWM timer counts to zero

mcpwm_timer_event_cb_t on_stop

callback function when MCPWM timer stops

struct mcpwm_timer_config_t

MCPWM timer configuration.

Public Members

int group_id

Specify from which group to allocate the MCPWM timer

mcpwm_timer_clock_source_t clk_src

MCPWM timer clock source

uint32_t resolution_hz

Counter resolution in Hz, ranges from around 300KHz to 80MHz. The step size of each count tick equals to (1 / resolution_hz) seconds

mcpwm_timer_count_mode_t count_mode

Count mode

uint32_t period_ticks

Number of count ticks within a period

uint32_t update_period_on_empty

Whether to update period when timer counts to zero

uint32_t update_period_on_sync

Whether to update period on sync event

struct mcpwm_timer_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for timer

struct mcpwm_timer_sync_phase_config_t

MCPWM Timer sync phase configuration.

Public Members

mcpwm_sync_handle_t sync_src

The sync event source. Set to NULL will disable the timer being synced by others

uint32_t count_value

The count value that should lock to upon sync event

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

The count direction that should lock to upon sync event

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_operator(const mcpwm_operator_config_t *config, mcpwm_oper_handle_t *ret_oper)

Create MCPWM operator.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM operator configuration

  • ret_oper[out] Returned MCPWM operator handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM operator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM operator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM operator failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM operator failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM operator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_operator(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper)

Delete MCPWM operator.

Parameters

oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM operator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM operator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM operator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_operator_connect_timer(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer)

Connect MCPWM operator and timer, so that the operator can be driven by the timer.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Connect MCPWM operator and timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Connect MCPWM operator and timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Connect MCPWM operator and timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_operator_set_brake_on_fault(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_brake_config_t *config)

Set brake method for MCPWM operator.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • config[in] MCPWM brake configuration

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set trip for operator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set trip for operator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set trip for operator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_operator_recover_from_fault(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault)

Try to make the operator recover from fault.

Note

To recover from fault or escape from trip, you make sure the fault signal has dissappeared already. Otherwise the recovery can’t succeed.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • fault[in] MCPWM fault handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Recover from fault successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Recover from fault failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Recover from fault failed because the fault source is still active

  • ESP_FAIL: Recover from fault failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_operator_register_event_callbacks(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_operator_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set event callbacks for MCPWM operator.

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • cbs[in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data[in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set event callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set event callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set event callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_operator_apply_carrier(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_carrier_config_t *config)

Apply carrier feature for MCPWM operator.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • config[in] MCPWM carrier specific configuration

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set carrier for operator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set carrier for operator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set carrier for operator failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_operator_config_t

MCPWM operator configuration.

Public Members

int group_id

Specify from which group to allocate the MCPWM operator

uint32_t update_gen_action_on_tez

Whether to update generator action when timer counts to zero

uint32_t update_gen_action_on_tep

Whether to update generator action when timer counts to peak

uint32_t update_gen_action_on_sync

Whether to update generator action on sync event

uint32_t update_dead_time_on_tez

Whether to update dead time when timer counts to zero

uint32_t update_dead_time_on_tep

Whether to update dead time when timer counts to peak

uint32_t update_dead_time_on_sync

Whether to update dead time on sync event

struct mcpwm_operator_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for operator

struct mcpwm_brake_config_t

MCPWM brake configuration structure.

Public Members

mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault

Which fault causes the operator to brake

mcpwm_operator_brake_mode_t brake_mode

Brake mode

uint32_t cbc_recover_on_tez

Recovery CBC brake state on tez event

uint32_t cbc_recover_on_tep

Recovery CBC brake state on tep event

struct mcpwm_brake_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra flags for brake configuration

struct mcpwm_operator_event_callbacks_t

Group of supported MCPWM operator event callbacks.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR environment

Public Members

mcpwm_brake_event_cb_t on_brake_cbc

callback function when mcpwm operator brakes in CBC

mcpwm_brake_event_cb_t on_brake_ost

callback function when mcpwm operator brakes in OST

struct mcpwm_carrier_config_t

MCPWM carrier configuration structure.

Public Members

uint32_t frequency_hz

Carrier frequency in Hz

uint32_t first_pulse_duration_us

The duration of the first PWM pulse, in us

float duty_cycle

Carrier duty cycle

uint32_t invert_before_modulate

Invert the raw signal

uint32_t invert_after_modulate

Invert the modulated signal

struct mcpwm_carrier_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra flags for carrier configuration

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_comparator(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_comparator_config_t *config, mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t *ret_cmpr)

Create MCPWM comparator.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator(), the new comparator will be allocated from this operator

  • config[in] MCPWM comparator configuration

  • ret_cmpr[out] Returned MCPWM comparator

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM comparator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM comparator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM comparator failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM comparator failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM comparator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_comparator(mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpr)

Delete MCPWM comparator.

Parameters

cmpr[in] MCPWM comparator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_comparator()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM comparator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM comparator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM comparator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_comparator_register_event_callbacks(mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpr, const mcpwm_comparator_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set event callbacks for MCPWM comparator.

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Parameters
  • cmpr[in] MCPWM comparator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_comparator()

  • cbs[in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data[in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set event callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set event callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set event callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_comparator_set_compare_value(mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t cmpr, uint32_t cmp_ticks)

Set MCPWM comparator’s compare value.

Parameters
  • cmpr[in] MCPWM comparator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_comparator()

  • cmp_ticks[in] The new compare value

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set MCPWM compare value successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set MCPWM compare value failed because of invalid argument (e.g. the cmp_ticks is out of range)

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Set MCPWM compare value failed because the operator doesn’t have a timer connected

  • ESP_FAIL: Set MCPWM compare value failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_comparator_config_t

MCPWM comparator configuration.

Public Members

uint32_t update_cmp_on_tez

Whether to update compare value when timer count equals to zero (tez)

uint32_t update_cmp_on_tep

Whether to update compare value when timer count equals to peak (tep)

uint32_t update_cmp_on_sync

Whether to update compare value on sync event

struct mcpwm_comparator_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for comparator

struct mcpwm_comparator_event_callbacks_t

Group of supported MCPWM compare event callbacks.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR environment

Public Members

mcpwm_compare_event_cb_t on_reach

ISR callback function which would be invoked when counter reaches compare value

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_generator(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_generator_config_t *config, mcpwm_gen_handle_t *ret_gen)

Allocate MCPWM generator from given operator.

Parameters
  • oper[in] MCPWM operator, allocated by mcpwm_new_operator()

  • config[in] MCPWM generator configuration

  • ret_gen[out] Returned MCPWM generator

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM generator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM generator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM generator failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM generator failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM generator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_generator(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gen)

Delete MCPWM generator.

Parameters

gen[in] MCPWM generator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_generator()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM generator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM generator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM generator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_generator_set_force_level(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gen, int level, bool hold_on)

Set force level for MCPWM generator.

Note

The force level will be applied to the generator immediately, regardless any other events that would change the generator’s behaviour.

Note

If the hold_on is true, the force level will retain forever, until user removes the force level by setting the force level to -1.

Note

If the hold_on is false, the force level can be overridden by the next event action.

Parameters
  • gen[in] MCPWM generator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_generator()

  • level[in] GPIO level to be applied to MCPWM generator, specially, -1 means to remove the force level

  • hold_on[in] Whether the forced PWM level should retain (i.e. will remain unchanged until manually remove the force level)

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set force level for MCPWM generator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set force level for MCPWM generator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set force level for MCPWM generator failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_timer_event(mcpwm_gen_handle_t gen, mcpwm_gen_timer_event_action_t ev_act, ...)

Set generator actions on different MCPWM timer events.

Parameters
  • gen[in] MCPWM generator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_generator()

  • ev_act[in] MCPWM timer event action list, must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set generator actions successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set generator actions failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Set generator actions failed because of timer is not connected to operator

  • ESP_FAIL: Set generator actions failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_compare_event(mcpwm_gen_handle_t generator, mcpwm_gen_compare_event_action_t ev_act, ...)

Set generator actions on different MCPWM compare events.

Parameters
  • generator[in] MCPWM generator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_generator()

  • ev_act[in] MCPWM compare event action list, must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set generator actions successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set generator actions failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set generator actions failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_generator_set_actions_on_brake_event(mcpwm_gen_handle_t generator, mcpwm_gen_brake_event_action_t ev_act, ...)

Set generator actions on different MCPWM brake events.

Parameters
  • generator[in] MCPWM generator handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_generator()

  • ev_act[in] MCPWM brake event action list, must be terminated by MCPWM_GEN_BRAKE_EVENT_ACTION_END()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set generator actions successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set generator actions failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set generator actions failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_generator_set_dead_time(mcpwm_gen_handle_t in_generator, mcpwm_gen_handle_t out_generator, const mcpwm_dead_time_config_t *config)

Set dead time for MCPWM generator.

Parameters
  • in_generator[in] MCPWM generator, before adding the dead time

  • out_generator[in] MCPWM generator, after adding the dead time

  • config[in] MCPWM dead time configuration

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set dead time for MCPWM generator successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set dead time for MCPWM generator failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set dead time for MCPWM generator failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_generator_config_t

MCPWM generator configuration.

Public Members

int gen_gpio_num

The GPIO number used to output the PWM signal

uint32_t invert_pwm

Whether to invert the PWM signal (done by GPIO matrix)

uint32_t io_loop_back

For debug/test, the signal output from the GPIO will be fed to the input path as well

struct mcpwm_generator_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for generator

struct mcpwm_gen_timer_event_action_t

Generator action on specific timer event.

Public Members

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

Timer direction

mcpwm_timer_event_t event

Timer event

mcpwm_generator_action_t action

Generator action should perform

struct mcpwm_gen_compare_event_action_t

Generator action on specific comparator event.

Public Members

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

Timer direction

mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t comparator

Comparator handle

mcpwm_generator_action_t action

Generator action should perform

struct mcpwm_gen_brake_event_action_t

Generator action on specific brake event.

Public Members

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

Timer direction

mcpwm_operator_brake_mode_t brake_mode

Brake mode

mcpwm_generator_action_t action

Generator action should perform

struct mcpwm_dead_time_config_t

MCPWM dead time configuration structure.

Public Members

uint32_t posedge_delay_ticks

delay time applied to rising edge, 0 means no rising delay time

uint32_t negedge_delay_ticks

delay time applied to falling edge, 0 means no falling delay time

uint32_t invert_output

Invert the signal after applied the dead time

struct mcpwm_dead_time_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra flags for dead time configuration

Macros

MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION(dir, ev, act)

Help macros to construct a mcpwm_gen_timer_event_action_t entry.

MCPWM_GEN_TIMER_EVENT_ACTION_END()
MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION(dir, cmp, act)

Help macros to construct a mcpwm_gen_compare_event_action_t entry.

MCPWM_GEN_COMPARE_EVENT_ACTION_END()
MCPWM_GEN_BRAKE_EVENT_ACTION(dir, mode, act)

Help macros to construct a mcpwm_gen_brake_event_action_t entry.

MCPWM_GEN_BRAKE_EVENT_ACTION_END()

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_gpio_fault(const mcpwm_gpio_fault_config_t *config, mcpwm_fault_handle_t *ret_fault)

Create MCPWM GPIO fault.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM GPIO fault configuration

  • ret_fault[out] Returned GPIO fault handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM GPIO fault successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM GPIO fault failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM GPIO fault failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM GPIO fault failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM GPIO fault failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_soft_fault(const mcpwm_soft_fault_config_t *config, mcpwm_fault_handle_t *ret_fault)

Create MCPWM software fault.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM software fault configuration

  • ret_fault[out] Returned software fault handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM software fault successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM software fault failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM software fault failed because out of memory

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM software fault failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_fault(mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault)

Delete MCPWM fault.

Parameters

fault[in] MCPWM fault handle allocated by mcpwm_new_gpio_fault() or mcpwm_new_soft_fault()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM fault successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM fault failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM fault failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_soft_fault_activate(mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault)

Activate the software fault, trigger the fault event for once.

Parameters

fault[in] MCPWM soft fault, allocated by mcpwm_new_soft_fault()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Trigger MCPWM software fault event successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Trigger MCPWM software fault event failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Trigger MCPWM software fault event failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_fault_register_event_callbacks(mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault, const mcpwm_fault_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set event callbacks for MCPWM fault.

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Parameters
  • fault[in] MCPWM GPIO fault handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_gpio_fault()

  • cbs[in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data[in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set event callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set event callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set event callbacks failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_gpio_fault_config_t

MCPWM GPIO fault configuration structure.

Public Members

int group_id

In which MCPWM group that the GPIO fault belongs to

int gpio_num

GPIO used by the fault signal

uint32_t active_level

On which level the fault signal is treated as active

uint32_t io_loop_back

For debug/test, the signal output from the GPIO will be fed to the input path as well

uint32_t pull_up

Whether to pull up internally

uint32_t pull_down

Whether to pull down internally

struct mcpwm_gpio_fault_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for GPIO fault

struct mcpwm_soft_fault_config_t

MCPWM software fault configuration structure.

struct mcpwm_fault_event_callbacks_t

Group of supported MCPWM fault event callbacks.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR environment

Public Members

mcpwm_fault_event_cb_t on_fault_enter

ISR callback function that would be invoked when fault signal becomes active

mcpwm_fault_event_cb_t on_fault_exit

ISR callback function that would be invoked when fault signal becomes inactive

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_timer_sync_src(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer, const mcpwm_timer_sync_src_config_t *config, mcpwm_sync_handle_t *ret_sync)

Create MCPWM timer sync source.

Parameters
  • timer[in] MCPWM timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer()

  • config[in] MCPWM timer sync source configuration

  • ret_sync[out] Returned MCPWM sync handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM timer sync source successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM timer sync source failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM timer sync source failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Create MCPWM timer sync source failed because the timer has created a sync source before

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM timer sync source failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_gpio_sync_src(const mcpwm_gpio_sync_src_config_t *config, mcpwm_sync_handle_t *ret_sync)

Create MCPWM GPIO sync source.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM GPIO sync source configuration

  • ret_sync[out] Returned MCPWM GPIO sync handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM GPIO sync source successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM GPIO sync source failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM GPIO sync source failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM GPIO sync source failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM GPIO sync source failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_soft_sync_src(const mcpwm_soft_sync_config_t *config, mcpwm_sync_handle_t *ret_sync)

Create MCPWM software sync source.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM software sync source configuration

  • ret_sync[out] Returned software sync handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM software sync successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM software sync failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM software sync failed because out of memory

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM software sync failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_sync_src(mcpwm_sync_handle_t sync)

Delete MCPWM sync source.

Parameters

sync[in] MCPWM sync handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_timer_sync_src() or mcpwm_new_gpio_sync_src() or mcpwm_new_soft_sync_src()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM sync source successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM sync source failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM sync source failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_soft_sync_activate(mcpwm_sync_handle_t sync)

Activate the software sync, trigger the sync event for once.

Parameters

sync[in] MCPWM soft sync handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_soft_sync_src()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Trigger MCPWM software sync event successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Trigger MCPWM software sync event failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Trigger MCPWM software sync event failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_timer_sync_src_config_t

MCPWM timer sync source configuration.

Public Members

mcpwm_timer_event_t timer_event

Timer event, upon which MCPWM timer will generate the sync signal

uint32_t propagate_input_sync

The input sync signal would be routed to its sync output

struct mcpwm_timer_sync_src_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for timer sync source

struct mcpwm_gpio_sync_src_config_t

MCPWM GPIO sync source configuration.

Public Members

int group_id

MCPWM group ID

int gpio_num

GPIO used by sync source

uint32_t active_neg

Whether the sync signal is active on negedge, by default, the sync signal’s posedge is treated as active

uint32_t io_loop_back

For debug/test, the signal output from the GPIO will be fed to the input path as well

uint32_t pull_up

Whether to pull up internally

uint32_t pull_down

Whether to pull down internally

struct mcpwm_gpio_sync_src_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for GPIO sync source

struct mcpwm_soft_sync_config_t

MCPWM software sync configuration structure.

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_capture_timer(const mcpwm_capture_timer_config_t *config, mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t *ret_cap_timer)

Create MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters
  • config[in] MCPWM capture timer configuration

  • ret_cap_timer[out] Returned MCPWM capture timer handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM capture timer failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM capture timer failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_capture_timer(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer)

Delete MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters

cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_enable(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer)

Enable MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters

cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Enable MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Enable MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Enable MCPWM capture timer failed because timer is enabled already

  • ESP_FAIL: Enable MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_disable(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer)

Disable MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters

cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Disable MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Disable MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Disable MCPWM capture timer failed because timer is disabled already

  • ESP_FAIL: Disable MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_start(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer)

Start MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters

cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Start MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Start MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Start MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_stop(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer)

Start MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters

cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Stop MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Stop MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Stop MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_get_resolution(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer, uint32_t *out_resolution)

Get MCPWM capture timer resolution, in Hz.

Parameters
  • cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

  • out_resolution[out] Returned capture timer resolution, in Hz

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Get capture timer resolution successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Get capture timer resolution failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Get capture timer resolution failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_timer_set_phase_on_sync(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer, const mcpwm_capture_timer_sync_phase_config_t *config)

Set sync phase for MCPWM capture timer.

Parameters
  • cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer()

  • config[in] MCPWM capture timer sync phase configuration

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set sync phase for MCPWM capture timer successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set sync phase for MCPWM capture timer failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set sync phase for MCPWM capture timer failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_new_capture_channel(mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t cap_timer, const mcpwm_capture_channel_config_t *config, mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t *ret_cap_channel)

Create MCPWM capture channel.

Note

The created capture channel won’t be enabled until calling mcpwm_capture_channel_enable

Parameters
  • cap_timer[in] MCPWM capture timer, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_timer(), will be connected to the new capture channel

  • config[in] MCPWM capture channel configuration

  • ret_cap_channel[out] Returned MCPWM capture channel

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create MCPWM capture channel successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Create MCPWM capture channel failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create MCPWM capture channel failed because out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: Create MCPWM capture channel failed because can’t find free resource

  • ESP_FAIL: Create MCPWM capture channel failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_del_capture_channel(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel)

Delete MCPWM capture channel.

Parameters

cap_channel[in] MCPWM capture channel handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_channel()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete MCPWM capture channel successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Delete MCPWM capture channel failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Delete MCPWM capture channel failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_channel_enable(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel)

Enable MCPWM capture channel.

Note

This function will transit the channel state from init to enable.

Note

This function will enable the interrupt service, if it’s lazy installed in mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks().

Parameters

cap_channel[in] MCPWM capture channel handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_channel()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Enable MCPWM capture channel successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Enable MCPWM capture channel failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Enable MCPWM capture channel failed because the channel is already enabled

  • ESP_FAIL: Enable MCPWM capture channel failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_channel_disable(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel)

Disable MCPWM capture channel.

Parameters

cap_channel[in] MCPWM capture channel handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_channel()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Disable MCPWM capture channel successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Disable MCPWM capture channel failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Disable MCPWM capture channel failed because the channel is not enabled yet

  • ESP_FAIL: Disable MCPWM capture channel failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel, const mcpwm_capture_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set event callbacks for MCPWM capture channel.

Note

The first call to this function needs to be before the call to mcpwm_capture_channel_enable

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Parameters
  • cap_channel[in] MCPWM capture channel handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_channel()

  • cbs[in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data[in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set event callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set event callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Set event callbacks failed because the channel is not in init state

  • ESP_FAIL: Set event callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t mcpwm_capture_channel_trigger_soft_catch(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel)

Trigger a catch by software.

Parameters

cap_channel[in] MCPWM capture channel handle, allocated by mcpwm_new_capture_channel()

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Trigger software catch successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Trigger software catch failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE: Trigger software catch failed because the channel is not enabled yet

  • ESP_FAIL: Trigger software catch failed because of other error

Structures

struct mcpwm_capture_timer_config_t

MCPWM capture timer configuration structure.

Public Members

int group_id

Specify from which group to allocate the capture timer

mcpwm_capture_clock_source_t clk_src

MCPWM capture timer clock source

struct mcpwm_capture_timer_sync_phase_config_t

MCPWM Capture timer sync phase configuration.

Public Members

mcpwm_sync_handle_t sync_src

The sync event source

uint32_t count_value

The count value that should lock to upon sync event

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

The count direction that should lock to upon sync event

struct mcpwm_capture_channel_config_t

MCPWM capture channel configuration structure.

Public Members

int gpio_num

GPIO used capturing input signal

uint32_t prescale

Prescale of input signal, effective frequency = cap_input_clk/prescale

uint32_t pos_edge

Whether to capture on positive edge

uint32_t neg_edge

Whether to capture on negative edge

uint32_t pull_up

Whether to pull up internally

uint32_t pull_down

Whether to pull down internally

uint32_t invert_cap_signal

Invert the input capture signal

uint32_t io_loop_back

For debug/test, the signal output from the GPIO will be fed to the input path as well

struct mcpwm_capture_channel_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Extra configuration flags for capture channel

struct mcpwm_capture_event_callbacks_t

Group of supported MCPWM capture event callbacks.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR environment

Public Members

mcpwm_capture_event_cb_t on_cap

Callback function that would be invoked when capture event occurred

Header File

Structures

struct mcpwm_timer_event_data_t

MCPWM timer event data.

Public Members

uint32_t count_value

MCPWM timer count value

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

MCPWM timer count direction

struct mcpwm_brake_event_data_t

MCPWM brake event data.

struct mcpwm_fault_event_data_t

MCPWM fault event data.

struct mcpwm_compare_event_data_t

MCPWM compare event data.

Public Members

uint32_t compare_ticks

Compare value

mcpwm_timer_direction_t direction

Count direction

struct mcpwm_capture_event_data_t

MCPWM capture event data.

Public Members

uint32_t cap_value

Captured value

mcpwm_capture_edge_t cap_edge

Capture edge

Type Definitions

typedef struct mcpwm_timer_t *mcpwm_timer_handle_t

Type of MCPWM timer handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_oper_t *mcpwm_oper_handle_t

Type of MCPWM operator handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_cmpr_t *mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t

Type of MCPWM comparator handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_gen_t *mcpwm_gen_handle_t

Type of MCPWM generator handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_fault_t *mcpwm_fault_handle_t

Type of MCPWM fault handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_sync_t *mcpwm_sync_handle_t

Type of MCPWM sync handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_cap_timer_t *mcpwm_cap_timer_handle_t

Type of MCPWM capture timer handle.

typedef struct mcpwm_cap_channel_t *mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t

Type of MCPWM capture channel handle.

typedef bool (*mcpwm_timer_event_cb_t)(mcpwm_timer_handle_t timer, const mcpwm_timer_event_data_t *edata, void *user_ctx)

MCPWM timer event callback function.

Param timer

[in] MCPWM timer handle

Param edata

[in] MCPWM timer event data, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

[in] User data, set in mcpwm_timer_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

typedef bool (*mcpwm_brake_event_cb_t)(mcpwm_oper_handle_t oper, const mcpwm_brake_event_data_t *edata, void *user_ctx)

MCPWM operator brake event callback function.

Param oper

[in] MCPWM operator handle

Param edata

[in] MCPWM brake event data, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

[in] User data, set in mcpwm_operator_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

typedef bool (*mcpwm_fault_event_cb_t)(mcpwm_fault_handle_t fault, const mcpwm_fault_event_data_t *edata, void *user_ctx)

MCPWM fault event callback function.

Param fault

MCPWM fault handle

Param edata

MCPWM fault event data, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

User data, set in mcpwm_fault_register_event_callbacks()

Return

whether a task switch is needed after the callback returns

typedef bool (*mcpwm_compare_event_cb_t)(mcpwm_cmpr_handle_t comparator, const mcpwm_compare_event_data_t *edata, void *user_ctx)

MCPWM comparator event callback function.

Param comparator

MCPWM comparator handle

Param edata

MCPWM comparator event data, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

User data, set in mcpwm_comparator_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

typedef bool (*mcpwm_capture_event_cb_t)(mcpwm_cap_channel_handle_t cap_channel, const mcpwm_capture_event_data_t *edata, void *user_ctx)

MCPWM capture event callback function.

Param cap_channel

MCPWM capture channel handle

Param edata

MCPWM capture event data, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

User data, set in mcpwm_capture_channel_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

Header File

Type Definitions

typedef soc_periph_mcpwm_timer_clk_src_t mcpwm_timer_clock_source_t

MCPWM timer clock source.

typedef soc_periph_mcpwm_capture_clk_src_t mcpwm_capture_clock_source_t

MCPWM capture clock source.

Enumerations

enum mcpwm_timer_direction_t

MCPWM timer count direction.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_UP

Counting direction: Increase

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_DIRECTION_DOWN

Counting direction: Decrease

enum mcpwm_timer_event_t

MCPWM timer events.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_EMPTY

MCPWM timer counts to zero (i.e. counter is empty)

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_FULL

MCPWM timer counts to peak (i.e. counter is full)

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_EVENT_INVALID

MCPWM timer invalid event

enum mcpwm_timer_count_mode_t

MCPWM timer count modes.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_COUNT_MODE_PAUSE

MCPWM timer paused

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_COUNT_MODE_UP

MCPWM timer counting up

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_COUNT_MODE_DOWN

MCPWM timer counting down

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_COUNT_MODE_UP_DOWN

MCPWM timer counting up and down

enum mcpwm_timer_start_stop_cmd_t

MCPWM timer commands, specify the way to start or stop the timer.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_STOP_EMPTY

MCPWM timer stops when next count reaches zero

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_STOP_FULL

MCPWM timer stops when next count reaches peak

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_START_NO_STOP

MCPWM timer starts couting, and don’t stop until received stop command

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_START_STOP_EMPTY

MCPWM timer starts counting and stops when next count reaches zero

enumerator MCPWM_TIMER_START_STOP_FULL

MCPWM timer starts counting and stops when next count reaches peak

enum mcpwm_generator_action_t

MCPWM generator actions.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_KEEP

Generator action: Keep the same level

enumerator MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_LOW

Generator action: Force to low level

enumerator MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_HIGH

Generator action: Force to high level

enumerator MCPWM_GEN_ACTION_TOGGLE

Generator action: Toggle level

enum mcpwm_operator_brake_mode_t

MCPWM operator brake mode.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_OPER_BRAKE_MODE_CBC

Brake mode: CBC (cycle by cycle)

enumerator MCPWM_OPER_BRAKE_MODE_OST

Brake mode, OST (one shot)

enumerator MCPWM_OPER_BRAKE_MODE_INVALID

MCPWM operator invalid brake mode

enum mcpwm_capture_edge_t

MCPWM capture edge.

Values:

enumerator MCPWM_CAP_EDGE_POS

Capture on the positive edge

enumerator MCPWM_CAP_EDGE_NEG

Capture on the negative edge

1(1,2,3,4,5,6,7)

Different ESP chip series might have different number of MCPWM resources (e.g. groups, timers, comparators, operators, generators and so on). Please refer to the [TRM] for details. The driver won’t forbid you from applying for more MCPWM resources, but it will return error when there’s no hardware resources available. Please always check the return value when doing Resource Allocation.

2

Callback function and the sub-functions invoked by itself should also be placed in IRAM, users need to take care of this by themselves.