ESP32-PICO-KIT V4 / V4.1 Getting Started Guide

[中文]

This guide shows how to get started with the ESP32-PICO-KIT V4 / V4.1 mini development board. For the description of other ESP32-PICO-KIT versions, please check ESP32 Hardware Reference.

This particular description covers ESP32-PICO-KIT V4 and V4.1. The difference is the upgraded USB-UART bridge from CP2102 in V4 with up to 1 Mbps transfer rates to CP2102N in V4.1 with up to 3 Mbps transfer rates.

What You Need

You can skip the introduction sections and go directly to Section Start Application Development.

Overview

ESP32-PICO-KIT is an ESP32-based mini development board produced by Espressif.

The core of this board is ESP32-PICO-D4 - a System-in-Package (SiP) module with complete Wi-Fi and Bluetooth functionalities. Compared to other ESP32 modules, ESP32-PICO-D4 integrates the following peripheral components in one single package, which otherwise would need to be installed separately:

  • 40 MHz crystal oscillator

  • 4 MB flash

  • Filter capacitors

  • RF matching links

This setup reduces the costs of additional external components as well as the cost of assembly and testing and also increases the overall usability of the product.

The development board features a USB-UART Bridge circuit which allows developers to connect the board to a computer’s USB port for flashing and debugging.

All the IO signals and system power on ESP32-PICO-D4 are led out to two rows of 20 x 0.1” header pads on both sides of the development board for easy access. For compatibility with Dupont wires, 2 x 17 header pads are populated with two rows of male pin headers. The remaining 2 x 3 header pads beside the antenna are not populated. These pads may be populated later by the user if required.

Note

  1. The 2 x 3 pads not populated with pin headers are connected to the flash memory embedded in the ESP32-PICO-D4 SiP module. For more details see module’s datasheet in Related Documents.

  2. ESP32-PICO-KIT comes with male headers by default.

Functionality Overview

The block diagram below shows the main components of ESP32-PICO-KIT and their interconnections.

ESP32-PICO-KIT functional block diagram

ESP32-PICO-KIT block diagram

Functional Description

The following figure and the table below describe the key components, interfaces, and controls of the ESP32-PICO-KIT board.

ESP32-PICO-KIT board layout

ESP32-PICO-KIT board layout

Below is the description of the items identified in the figure starting from the top left corner and going clockwise.

Key Component

Description

ESP32-PICO-D4

Standard ESP32-PICO-D4 module soldered to the ESP32-PICO-KIT board. The complete ESP32 system on a chip (ESP32 SoC) has been integrated into the SiP module, requiring only an external antenna with LC matching network, decoupling capacitors, and a pull-up resistor for EN signals to function properly.

LDO

5V-to-3.3V Low dropout voltage regulator (LDO).

USB-UART bridge

Single-chip USB-UART bridge: CP2102 in V4 provides up to 1 Mbps transfer rates and CP2102N in V4.1 offers up to 3 Mbps transfers rates.

Micro USB Port

USB interface. Power supply for the board as well as the communication interface between a computer and the board.

5V Power On LED

This red LED turns on when power is supplied to the board. For details, see the schematics in Related Documents.

I/O

All the pins on ESP32-PICO-D4 are broken out to pin headers. You can program ESP32 to enable multiple functions, such as PWM, ADC, DAC, I2C, I2S, SPI, etc. For details, please see Section Pin Descriptions.

BOOT Button

Download button. Holding down Boot and then pressing EN initiates Firmware Download mode for downloading firmware through the serial port.

EN Button

Reset button.

Power Supply Options

There are three mutually exclusive ways to provide power to the board:

  • Micro USB port, default power supply

  • 5V / GND header pins

  • 3V3 / GND header pins

Warning

The power supply must be provided using one and only one of the options above, otherwise the board and/or the power supply source can be damaged.

Pin Descriptions

The two tables below provide the Name and Function of I/O header pins on both sides of the board, see ESP32-PICO-KIT board layout. The pin numbering and header names are the same as in the schematic given in Related Documents.

Header J2

No.

Name

Type

Function

1

FLASH_SD1 (FSD1)

I/O

GPIO8, SD_DATA1, SPID, HS1_DATA1 (See 1) , U2CTS

2

FLASH_SD3 (FSD3)

I/O

GPIO7, SD_DATA0, SPIQ, HS1_DATA0 (See 1) , U2RTS

3

FLASH_CLK (FCLK)

I/O

GPIO6, SD_CLK, SPICLK, HS1_CLK (See 1) , U1CTS

4

IO21

I/O

GPIO21, VSPIHD, EMAC_TX_EN

5

IO22

I/O

GPIO22, VSPIWP, U0RTS, EMAC_TXD1

6

IO19

I/O

GPIO19, VSPIQ, U0CTS, EMAC_TXD0

7

IO23

I/O

GPIO23, VSPID, HS1_STROBE

8

IO18

I/O

GPIO18, VSPICLK, HS1_DATA7

9

IO5

I/O

GPIO5, VSPICS0, HS1_DATA6, EMAC_RX_CLK

10

IO10

I/O

GPIO10, SD_DATA3, SPIWP, HS1_DATA3, U1TXD

11

IO9

I/O

GPIO9, SD_DATA2, SPIHD, HS1_DATA2, U1RXD

12

RXD0

I/O

GPIO3, U0RXD (See 3) , CLK_OUT2

13

TXD0

I/O

GPIO1, U0TXD (See 3) , CLK_OUT3, EMAC_RXD2

14

IO35

I

ADC1_CH7, RTC_GPIO5

15

IO34

I

ADC1_CH6, RTC_GPIO4

16

IO38

I

GPIO38, ADC1_CH2, RTC_GPIO2

17

IO37

I

GPIO37, ADC1_CH1, RTC_GPIO1

18

EN

I

CHIP_PU

19

GND

P

Ground

20

VDD33 (3V3)

P

3.3V power supply

Header J3

No.

Name

Type

Function

1

FLASH_CS (FCS)

I/O

GPIO16, HS1_DATA4 (See 1) , U2RXD, EMAC_CLK_OUT

2

FLASH_SD0 (FSD0)

I/O

GPIO17, HS1_DATA5 (See 1) , U2TXD, EMAC_CLK_OUT_180

3

FLASH_SD2 (FSD2)

I/O

GPIO11, SD_CMD, SPICS0, HS1_CMD (See 1) , U1RTS

4

SENSOR_VP (FSVP)

I

GPIO36, ADC1_CH0, RTC_GPIO0

5

SENSOR_VN (FSVN)

I

GPIO39, ADC1_CH3, RTC_GPIO3

6

IO25

I/O

GPIO25, DAC_1, ADC2_CH8, RTC_GPIO6, EMAC_RXD0

7

IO26

I/O

GPIO26, DAC_2, ADC2_CH9, RTC_GPIO7, EMAC_RXD1

8

IO32

I/O

32K_XP (See 2a) , ADC1_CH4, TOUCH9, RTC_GPIO9

9

IO33

I/O

32K_XN (See 2b) , ADC1_CH5, TOUCH8, RTC_GPIO8

10

IO27

I/O

GPIO27, ADC2_CH7, TOUCH7, RTC_GPIO17
EMAC_RX_DV

11

IO14

I/O

ADC2_CH6, TOUCH6, RTC_GPIO16, MTMS, HSPICLK,
HS2_CLK, SD_CLK, EMAC_TXD2

12

IO12

I/O

ADC2_CH5, TOUCH5, RTC_GPIO15, MTDI (See 4) , HSPIQ,
HS2_DATA2, SD_DATA2, EMAC_TXD3

13

IO13

I/O

ADC2_CH4, TOUCH4, RTC_GPIO14, MTCK, HSPID,
HS2_DATA3, SD_DATA3, EMAC_RX_ER

14

IO15

I/O

ADC2_CH3, TOUCH3, RTC_GPIO13, MTDO, HSPICS0
HS2_CMD, SD_CMD, EMAC_RXD3

15

IO2

I/O

ADC2_CH2, TOUCH2, RTC_GPIO12, HSPIWP,
HS2_DATA0, SD_DATA0

16

IO4

I/O

ADC2_CH0, TOUCH0, RTC_GPIO10, HSPIHD,
HS2_DATA1, SD_DATA1, EMAC_TX_ER

17

IO0

I/O

ADC2_CH1, TOUCH1, RTC_GPIO11, CLK_OUT1
EMAC_TX_CLK

18

VDD33 (3V3)

P

3.3V power supply

19

GND

P

Ground

20

EXT_5V (5V)

P

5V power supply

Note

  1. This pin is connected to the flash pin of ESP32-PICO-D4.

  2. 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator: a) input, b) output.

  3. This pin is connected to the pin of the USB bridge chip on the board.

  4. The operating voltage of ESP32-PICO-KIT’s embedded SPI flash is 3.3 V. Therefore, the strapping pin MTDI should hold bit zero during the module power-on reset. If connected, please make sure that this pin is not held up on reset.

Start Application Development

Before powering up your ESP32-PICO-KIT, please make sure that the board is in good condition with no obvious signs of damage.

After that, proceed to Get Started, where Section Installation Step by Step will quickly help you set up the development environment and then flash an example project onto your board.

Board Dimensions

The dimensions are 52 x 20.3 x 10 mm (2.1” x 0.8” x 0.4”).

ESP32-PICO-KIT dimensions - back

ESP32-PICO-KIT dimensions - back

ESP32-PICO-KIT V4 dimensions - side

ESP32-PICO-KIT dimensions - side

For the board physical construction details, please refer to its Reference Design listed below.