Add IDF_PATH & idf.py PATH to User Profile (CMake)

[中文]

Note

This is documentation for the CMake-based build system which is currently in preview release. If you encounter any gaps or bugs, please report them in the Issues section of the ESP-IDF repository.

The CMake-based build system will become the default build system in ESP-IDF V4.0. The existing GNU Make based build system will be deprecated in ESP-IDF V5.0.

To use the CMake-based build system and the idf.py tool, two modifications need to be made to system environment variables:

  • IDF_PATH needs to be set to the path of the directory containing ESP-IDF.
  • System PATH variable to include the directory containing the idf.py tool (part of ESP-IDF).

To preserve setting of these variables between system restarts, add them to the user profile by following the instructions below.

Note

If using an IDE, you can optionally set these environment variables in your IDE’s project environment rather than from the command line as described below.

Note

If you don’t ever use the command line idf.py tool, but run cmake directly or via an IDE, then it is not necessary to set the PATH variable - only IDF_PATH. However it can be useful to set both.

Note

If you only ever use the command line idf.py tool, and never use cmake directly or via an IDE, then it is not necessary to set the IDF_PATH variable - idf.py will detect the directory it is contained within and set IDF_PATH appropriately if it is missing.

Windows

To edit Environment Variables on Windows 10, search for “Edit Environment Variables” under the Start menu.

On earlier Windows versions, open the System Control Panel then choose “Advanced” and look for the Environment Variables button.

You can set these environment variables for all users, or only for the current user, depending on whether other users of your computer will be using ESP-IDF.

  • Click New... to add a new system variable named IDF_PATH. Set the path to directory containing ESP-IDF, for example C:\Users\user-name\esp\esp-idf.
  • Locate the Path environment variable and double-click to edit it. Append the following to the end: ;%IDF_PATH%\tools. This will allow you to run idf.py and other tools from Windows Command Prompt.

If you got here from section Setup Environment Variables, while installing s/w for ESP32 development, then go back to section Start a Project.

Linux and MacOS

Set up IDF_PATH and add idf.py to the PATH by adding the following two lines to your ~/.profile file:

export IDF_PATH=~/esp/esp-idf
export PATH="$IDF_PATH/tools:$PATH"

Note

~/.profile means a file named .profile in your user’s home directory (which is abbreviated ~ in the shell).

Log off and log in back to make this change effective.

Note

Not all shells use .profile. If you have /bin/bash and .bash_profile exists then update this file instead. For zsh, update .zprofile. Other shells may use other profile files (consult the shell’s documentation).

Run the following command to check if IDF_PATH is set:

printenv IDF_PATH

The path previously entered in ~/.profile file (or set manually) should be printed out.

To verify idf.py is now on the PATH, you can run the following:

which idf.py

A path like ${IDF_PATH}/tools/idf.py should be printed.

If you do not like to have IDF_PATH or PATH modifications set, you can enter it manually in terminal window on each restart or logout:

export IDF_PATH=~/esp/esp-idf
export PATH="$IDF_PATH/tools:$PATH"

If you got here from section Setup Environment Variables, while installing s/w for ESP32 development, then go back to section Start a Project.