Migrate Peripherals to ESP-IDF 5.0

Peripheral Clock Gating

As usual, peripheral clock gating is still handled by driver itself, users don’t need to take care of the peripheral module clock gating.

However, for advanced users who implement their own drivers based on hal and soc components, the previous clock gating include path has been changed from driver/periph_ctrl.h to esp_private/periph_ctrl.h.

RTC Subsystem Control

RTC control APIs have been moved from driver/rtc_cntl.h to esp_private/rtc_ctrl.h.

SPI Flash Interface

Version before v5.0, spi flash functions in rom can be included by esp32**/rom/spi_flash.h. However, your code written for different chips may be filled with ROM headers of different versions. At the meantime not all the APIs can be used on all chips.

Therefore, the common APIs are extracted to esp_rom_spiflash.h. Although it’s not a breaking change, it is strongly recommended to only use the functions with prefix esp_rom_spiflash included by esp_rom_spiflash.h for better cross-compatibility.

To make the API clearer, we renamed the function esp_rom_spiflash_lock to esp_rom_spiflash_set_bp. We renamed esp_rom_spiflash_unlock to esp_rom_spiflash_clear_bp.

ENUM type esp_flash_speed_t has been deprecated. From now on, you can directly parse the real clock frequency value to the flash initialization structure. For example, if you want the flash frequency is 80M, you can write the code like:

esp_flash_spi_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    // Other members
    .freq_mhz = 80,
    // Other members
};

ADC

  • Previous driver/adc2_wifi_private.h has been moved to esp_private/adc2_wifi.h.

  • Enums ADC_UNIT_BOTH, ADC_UNIT_ALTER and ADC_UNIT_MAX in adc_unit_t are removed.

  • Enum ADC_CHANNEL_MAX in adc_channel_t are removed. Some channels are not supported on some chips, driver will give a dynamic error if an unsupported channels are used.

  • Enum ADC_ATTEN_MAX is removed. Some attenuations are not supported on some chips, driver will give a dynamic error if an unsupported attenuation is used.

  • Enum ADC_CONV_UNIT_MAX is removed. Some convert mode are not supported on some chips, driver will give a dynamic error if an unsupported convert mode is used.

GPIO

The previous Kconfig option RTCIO_SUPPORT_RTC_GPIO_DESC has been removed, thus the rtc_gpio_desc array is unavailable. Please use rtc_io_desc array instead.

Timer Group Driver

Timer Group driver has been redesigned into GPTimer, which aims to unify and simplify the usage of general purpose timer. Although it’s recommended to use the the new driver APIs, the legacy driver is till available in the previous include path driver/timer.h. However, by default, including driver/timer.h will bring a build warning like legacy timer group driver is deprecated, please migrate to driver/gptimer.h. The warning can be suppressed by the Kconfig option CONFIG_GPTIMER_SUPPRESS_DEPRECATE_WARN.

The major breaking changes in concept and usage are listed as follows:

Breaking Changes in Concepts

  • timer_group_t and timer_idx_t which used to identify the hardware timer are removed from user’s code. In the new driver, a timer is represented by gptimer_handle_t.

  • Definition of timer source clock is moved to gptimer_clock_source_t, the previous timer_src_clk_t is not used.

  • Definition of timer count direction is moved to gptimer_count_direction_t, the previous timer_count_dir_t is not used.

  • Only level interrupt is supported, timer_intr_t and timer_intr_mode_t are not used.

  • Auto-reload is enabled by set the gptimer_alarm_config_t::auto_reload_on_alarm flag. timer_autoreload_t is not used.

Breaking Changes in Usage

  • Timer initialization is done by creating a timer instance from gptimer_new_timer(). Basic configurations like clock source, resolution and direction should be set in gptimer_config_t. Note that, alarm event specific configurations are not needed during the driver install stage.

  • Alarm event is configured by gptimer_set_alarm_action(), with parameters set in the gptimer_alarm_config_t.

  • Setting and getting count value are done by gptimer_get_raw_count() and gptimer_set_raw_count(). The driver doesn’t help convert the raw value into UTC time-stamp. Instead, the conversion should be done form user’s side as the timer resolution is also known to the user.

  • The driver will install the interrupt service as well if gptimer_event_callbacks_t::on_alarm is set to a valid callback function. In the callback, user doesn’t have to deal with the low level registers (like “clear interrupt status”, “re-enable alarm event” and so on). So functions like timer_group_get_intr_status_in_isr and timer_group_get_auto_reload_in_isr are not used anymore.

  • To update the alarm configurations when alarm event happens, one can call gptimer_set_alarm_action() in the interrupt callback, then the alarm will be re-enabled again.

  • Alarm will always be re-enabled by the driver if gptimer_alarm_config_t::auto_reload_on_alarm is set to true.

UART

Removed/Deprecated items

Replacement

Remarks

uart_isr_register()

None

UART interrupt handling is implemented by driver itself.

uart_isr_free()

None

UART interrupt handling is implemented by driver itself.

use_ref_tick in uart_config_t

uart_config_t::source_clk

Select the clock source.

uart_enable_pattern_det_intr()

uart_enable_pattern_det_baud_intr()

Enable pattern detection interrupt.

I2C

Removed/Deprecated items

Replacement

Remarks

i2c_isr_register()

None

I2C interrupt handling is implemented by driver itself.

i2c_isr_register()

None

I2C interrupt handling is implemented by driver itself.

i2c_opmode_t

None

It’s not used anywhere in esp-idf.

SPI

Removed/Deprecated items

Replacement

Remarks

spi_cal_clock()

spi_get_actual_clock()

Get SPI real working frequency.

LEDC

Removed/Deprecated items

Replacement

Remarks

bit_num in ledc_timer_config_t

ledc_timer_config_t::duty_resolution

Set resolution of the duty cycle.

Temperature Sensor Driver

  • Old API header temp_sensor.h has been redesigned as temperature_sensor.h, it is recommended to use the new driver and the old driver is not allowed to be used at the same time.

  • Although it’s recommended to use the new driver APIs, the legacy driver is still available in the previous include path driver/temp_sensor.h. However, by default, including driver/temp_sensor.h will bring a build warning like “legacy temperature sensor driver is deprecated, please migrate to driver/temperature_sensor.h”. The warning can be suppressed by enabling the menuconfig option CONFIG_TEMP_SENSOR_SUPPRESS_DEPRECATE_WARN.

  • Configuration contents has been changed. In old version, user need to configure the clk_div and dac_offset. While in new version, user only need to choose tsens_range

  • The process of using temperature sensor has been changed. In old version, user can use config->start->read_celsius to get value. In the new version, user must install the temperature sensor driver firstly, by temperature_sensor_install and uninstall it when finished. For more information, you can refer to Temperature Sensor .

RMT Driver

RMT driver has been redesigned (see RMT transceiver), which aims to unify and extend the usage of RMT peripheral. Although it’s recommended to use the new driver APIs, the legacy driver is still available in the previous include path driver/rmt.h. However, by default, including driver/rmt.h will bring a build warning like The legacy RMT driver is deprecated, please use driver/rmt_tx.h and/or driver/rmt_rx.h. The warning can be suppressed by the Kconfig option CONFIG_RMT_SUPPRESS_DEPRECATE_WARN.

The major breaking changes in concept and usage are listed as follows:

Breaking Changes in Concepts

  • rmt_channel_t which used to identify the hardware channel are removed from user space. In the new driver, RMT channel is represented by rmt_channel_handle_t. The channel is dynamic allocated by the driver, instead of designated by user.

  • rmt_item32_t is replaced by rmt_symbol_word_t, which avoids a nested union inside a struct.

  • rmt_mem_t is removed, as we don’t allow users to access RMT memory block (a.k.an RMTMEM) directly. Direct access to RMTMEM doesn’t make sense but make mistakes, especially when the RMT channel also connected with a DMA channel.

  • rmt_mem_owner_t is removed, as the ownership is controller by driver, not by user anymore.

  • rmt_source_clk_t is replaced by rmt_clock_source_t, note they’re not binary compatible.

  • rmt_data_mode_t is removed, the RMT memory access mode is configured to always use Non-FIFO and DMA mode.

  • rmt_mode_t is removed, as the driver has stand alone install functions for TX and RX channels.

  • rmt_idle_level_t is removed, setting IDLE level for TX channel is available in rmt_transmit_config_t::eot_level.

  • rmt_carrier_level_t is removed, setting carrier polarity is available in rmt_carrier_config_t::polarity_active_low.

  • rmt_channel_status_t and rmt_channel_status_result_t are removed, they’re not used anywhere.

  • transmitting by RMT channel doesn’t expect user to prepare the RMT symbols, instead, user needs to provide an RMT Encoder to tell the driver how to convert user data into RMT symbols.

Breaking Changes in Usage

  • Channel installation has been separated for TX and RX channels into rmt_new_tx_channel() and rmt_new_rx_channel().

  • rmt_set_clk_div and rmt_get_clk_div are removed. Channel clock configuration can only be done during channel installation.

  • rmt_set_rx_idle_thresh and rmt_get_rx_idle_thresh are removed. In the new driver, the RX channel IDLE threshold is redesigned into a new concept rmt_receive_config_t::signal_range_max_ns.

  • rmt_set_mem_block_num and rmt_get_mem_block_num are removed. In the new driver, the memory block number is determined by rmt_tx_channel_config_t::mem_block_symbols and rmt_rx_channel_config_t::mem_block_symbols.

  • rmt_set_tx_carrier is removed, the new driver uses rmt_apply_carrier() to set carrier behavior.

  • rmt_set_mem_pd and rmt_get_mem_pd are removed. The memory power is managed by the driver automatically.

  • rmt_memory_rw_rst, rmt_tx_memory_reset and rmt_rx_memory_reset are removed. Memory reset is managed by the driver automatically.

  • rmt_tx_start and rmt_rx_start are merged into a single function rmt_enable(), for both TX and RX channels.

  • rmt_tx_stop and rmt_rx_stop are merged into a single function rmt_disable(), for both TX and RX channels.

  • rmt_set_memory_owner and rmt_get_memory_owner are removed. RMT memory owner guard is added automatically by the driver.

  • rmt_set_tx_loop_mode and rmt_get_tx_loop_mode are removed. In the new driver, the loop mode is configured in rmt_transmit_config_t::loop_count.

  • rmt_set_source_clk and rmt_get_source_clk are removed. Configuring clock source is only possible during channel installation by rmt_tx_channel_config_t::clk_src and rmt_rx_channel_config_t::clk_src.

  • rmt_set_rx_filter is removed. In the new driver, the filter threshold is redesigned into a new concept rmt_receive_config_t::signal_range_min_ns.

  • rmt_set_idle_level and rmt_get_idle_level are removed. Setting IDLE level for TX channel is available in rmt_transmit_config_t::eot_level.

  • rmt_set_rx_intr_en, rmt_set_err_intr_en, rmt_set_tx_intr_en, rmt_set_tx_thr_intr_en and rmt_set_rx_thr_intr_en are removed. The new driver doesn’t allow user to turn on/off interrupt from user space. Instead, it provides callback functions.

  • rmt_set_gpio and rmt_set_pin are removed. The new driver doesn’t support to switch GPIO dynamically at runtime.

  • rmt_config is removed. In the new driver, basic configuration is done during the channel installation stage.

  • rmt_isr_register and rmt_isr_deregister are removed, the interrupt is allocated by the driver itself.

  • rmt_driver_install is replaced by rmt_new_tx_channel() and rmt_new_rx_channel().

  • rmt_driver_uninstall is replaced by rmt_del_channel().

  • rmt_fill_tx_items, rmt_write_items and rmt_write_sample are removed. In the new driver, user needs to provide an encoder to “translate” the user data into RMT symbols.

  • rmt_get_counter_clock is removed, as the channel clock resolution is configured by user from rmt_tx_channel_config_t::resolution_hz.

  • rmt_wait_tx_done is replaced by rmt_tx_wait_all_done().

  • rmt_translator_init, rmt_translator_set_context and rmt_translator_get_context are removed. In the new driver, the translator has been replaced by the RMT encoder.

  • rmt_get_ringbuf_handle is removed. The new driver doesn’t use Ringbuffer to save RMT symbols. Instead, the incoming data are saved to the user provided buffer directly. The user buffer can even be mounted to DMA link internally.

  • rmt_register_tx_end_callback is replaced by rmt_tx_register_event_callbacks(), where user can register rmt_tx_event_callbacks_t::on_trans_done event callback.

  • rmt_set_intr_enable_mask and rmt_clr_intr_enable_mask are removed, as the interrupt is handled by the driver, user doesn’t need to take care of it.

  • rmt_add_channel_to_group and rmt_remove_channel_from_group are replaced by RMT sync manager. Please refer to rmt_new_sync_manager().

  • rmt_set_tx_loop_count is removed. The loop count in the new driver is configured in rmt_transmit_config_t::loop_count.

  • rmt_enable_tx_loop_autostop is removed. In the new driver, TX loop auto stop is always enabled if available, it’s not configurable anymore.

LCD

  • The LCD panel initialization flow is slightly changed. Now the esp_lcd_panel_init() won’t turn on the display automatically. User needs to call esp_lcd_panel_disp_on_off() to manually turn on the display. Note, this is different from turning on backlight. With this breaking change, user can flush a predefined pattern to the screen before turning on the screen. This can help avoid random noise on the screen after a power on reset.

  • esp_lcd_panel_disp_off() is deprecated, please use esp_lcd_panel_disp_on_off() instead.