I80 Interfaced LCD


  1. Create I80 bus by esp_lcd_new_i80_bus(). You need to set up the following parameters for an Intel 8080 parallel bus:

    esp_lcd_i80_bus_handle_t i80_bus = NULL;
    esp_lcd_i80_bus_config_t bus_config = {
        .clk_src = LCD_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
        .dc_gpio_num = EXAMPLE_PIN_NUM_DC,
        .wr_gpio_num = EXAMPLE_PIN_NUM_PCLK,
        .data_gpio_nums = {
        .bus_width = 8,
        .max_transfer_bytes = EXAMPLE_LCD_H_RES * 100 * sizeof(uint16_t), // transfer 100 lines of pixels (assume pixel is RGB565) at most in one transaction
        .dma_burst_size = EXAMPLE_DMA_BURST_SIZE,
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(esp_lcd_new_i80_bus(&bus_config, &i80_bus));
  2. Allocate an LCD IO device handle from the I80 bus. In this step, you need to provide the following information:

    esp_lcd_panel_io_handle_t io_handle = NULL;
    esp_lcd_panel_io_i80_config_t io_config = {
        .cs_gpio_num = EXAMPLE_PIN_NUM_CS,
        .pclk_hz = EXAMPLE_LCD_PIXEL_CLOCK_HZ,
        .trans_queue_depth = 10,
        .dc_levels = {
            .dc_idle_level = 0,
            .dc_cmd_level = 0,
            .dc_dummy_level = 0,
            .dc_data_level = 1,
        .lcd_cmd_bits = EXAMPLE_LCD_CMD_BITS,
        .lcd_param_bits = EXAMPLE_LCD_PARAM_BITS,
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(esp_lcd_new_panel_io_i80(i80_bus, &io_config, &io_handle));
  3. Install the LCD controller driver. The LCD controller driver is responsible for sending the commands and parameters to the LCD controller chip. In this step, you need to specify the I80 IO device handle that allocated in the last step, and some panel specific configurations:

    • esp_lcd_panel_dev_config_t::bits_per_pixel sets the bit width of the pixel color data. The LCD driver uses this value to calculate the number of bytes to send to the LCD controller chip.

    • esp_lcd_panel_dev_config_t::reset_gpio_num sets the GPIO number of the reset pin. If the LCD controller chip does not have a reset pin, you can set this value to -1.

    • esp_lcd_panel_dev_config_t::rgb_ele_order sets the color order the pixel color data.

    esp_lcd_panel_dev_config_t panel_config = {
        .reset_gpio_num = EXAMPLE_PIN_NUM_RST,
        .rgb_ele_order = LCD_RGB_ELEMENT_ORDER_RGB,
        .bits_per_pixel = 16,
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK(esp_lcd_new_panel_st7789(io_handle, &panel_config, &panel_handle));

API Reference

Header File

  • components/esp_lcd/include/esp_lcd_io_i80.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "esp_lcd_io_i80.h"
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the esp_lcd component. To declare that your component depends on esp_lcd, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES esp_lcd


    PRIV_REQUIRES esp_lcd


esp_err_t esp_lcd_new_i80_bus(const esp_lcd_i80_bus_config_t *bus_config, esp_lcd_i80_bus_handle_t *ret_bus)

Create Intel 8080 bus handle.

  • bus_config -- [in] Bus configuration

  • ret_bus -- [out] Returned bus handle


  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG if parameter is invalid

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM if out of memory

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND if no free bus is available

  • ESP_OK on success

esp_err_t esp_lcd_del_i80_bus(esp_lcd_i80_bus_handle_t bus)

Destroy Intel 8080 bus handle.


bus -- [in] Intel 8080 bus handle, created by esp_lcd_new_i80_bus()


  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG if parameter is invalid

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_STATE if there still be some device attached to the bus

  • ESP_OK on success

esp_err_t esp_lcd_new_panel_io_i80(esp_lcd_i80_bus_handle_t bus, const esp_lcd_panel_io_i80_config_t *io_config, esp_lcd_panel_io_handle_t *ret_io)

Create LCD panel IO, for Intel 8080 interface.

  • bus -- [in] Intel 8080 bus handle, created by esp_lcd_new_i80_bus()

  • io_config -- [in] IO configuration, for i80 interface

  • ret_io -- [out] Returned panel IO handle


  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG if parameter is invalid

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_SUPPORTED if some configuration can't be satisfied, e.g. pixel clock out of the range

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM if out of memory

  • ESP_OK on success

void *esp_lcd_i80_alloc_draw_buffer(esp_lcd_panel_io_handle_t io, size_t size, uint32_t caps)

Allocate a draw buffer that can be used by I80 interfaced LCD panel.


This function differs from the normal 'heap_caps_*' functions in that it can also automatically handle the alignment required by DMA burst, cache line size, etc.

  • io -- [in] Panel IO handle, created by esp_lcd_new_panel_io_i80()

  • size -- [in] Size of memory to be allocated

  • caps -- [in] Bitwise OR of MALLOC_CAP_* flags indicating the type of memory desired for the allocation


Pointer to a new buffer of size 'size' with capabilities 'caps', or NULL if allocation failed


struct esp_lcd_i80_bus_config_t

LCD Intel 8080 bus configuration structure.

Public Members

int dc_gpio_num

GPIO used for D/C line

int wr_gpio_num

GPIO used for WR line

lcd_clock_source_t clk_src

Clock source for the I80 LCD peripheral

int data_gpio_nums[ESP_LCD_I80_BUS_WIDTH_MAX]

GPIOs used for data lines

size_t bus_width

Number of data lines, 8 or 16

size_t max_transfer_bytes

Maximum transfer size, this determines the length of internal DMA link

size_t psram_trans_align

DMA transfer alignment for data allocated from PSRAM

size_t dma_burst_size

DMA burst size, in bytes

size_t sram_trans_align

DMA transfer alignment for data allocated from SRAM

struct esp_lcd_panel_io_i80_config_t

Panel IO configuration structure, for intel 8080 interface.

Public Members

int cs_gpio_num

GPIO used for CS line, set to -1 will declaim exclusively use of I80 bus

uint32_t pclk_hz

Frequency of pixel clock

size_t trans_queue_depth

Transaction queue size, larger queue, higher throughput

esp_lcd_panel_io_color_trans_done_cb_t on_color_trans_done

Callback invoked when color data was transferred done

void *user_ctx

User private data, passed directly to on_color_trans_done's user_ctx

int lcd_cmd_bits

Bit-width of LCD command

int lcd_param_bits

Bit-width of LCD parameter

unsigned int dc_idle_level

Level of DC line in IDLE phase

unsigned int dc_cmd_level

Level of DC line in CMD phase

unsigned int dc_dummy_level

Level of DC line in DUMMY phase

unsigned int dc_data_level

Level of DC line in DATA phase

struct esp_lcd_panel_io_i80_config_t::[anonymous] dc_levels

Each i80 device might have its own D/C control logic

unsigned int cs_active_high

If set, a high level of CS line will select the device, otherwise, CS line is low level active

unsigned int reverse_color_bits

Reverse the data bits, D[N:0] -> D[0:N]

unsigned int swap_color_bytes

Swap adjacent two color bytes

unsigned int pclk_active_neg

The display will write data lines when there's a falling edge on WR signal (a.k.a the PCLK)

unsigned int pclk_idle_low

The WR signal (a.k.a the PCLK) stays at low level in IDLE phase

struct esp_lcd_panel_io_i80_config_t::[anonymous] flags

Panel IO config flags



Maximum width of I80 bus

Type Definitions

typedef struct esp_lcd_i80_bus_t *esp_lcd_i80_bus_handle_t

Type of LCD intel 8080 bus handle

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