ESP-IDF Versions

The ESP-IDF GitHub repository is updated regularly, especially on the “master branch” where new development happens. There are also stable releases which are recommended for production use.

Releases

Documentation for the current stable version can always be found at this URL:

https://docs.espressif.com/projects/esp-idf/en/stable/

Documentation for the latest version (“master branch”) can always be found at this URL:

https://docs.espressif.com/projects/esp-idf/en/latest/

The full history of releases can be found on the GitHub repository Releases page. There you can find release notes, links to each version of the documentation, and instructions for obtaining each version.

Documentation for all releases can also be found in the HTML documentation by clicking the “versions” pop up in the bottom-left corner of the page. You can use this popup to switch between versions of the documentation.

_images/choose_version.png

Which Version Should I Start With?

  • For production purposes, use the current stable version. Stable versions have been manually tested, and are updated with “bugfix releases” which fix bugs without changing other functionality (see Versioning Scheme for more details).

    In order to maximize the time between updates to new ESP-IDF versions, use the latest stable Long Term Support release version. This version can be found on the Releases page.

  • For prototyping, experimentation or for developing new ESP-IDF features, use the latest version (master branch in Git). The latest version in the master branch has all the latest features and has passed automated testing, but has not been completely manually tested (“bleeding edge”).

  • If a required feature is not yet available in a stable release, but you don’t want to use the master branch, it is possible to check out a pre-release version or a release branch. It is recommended to start from a stable version and then follow the instructions for Updating to a Pre-Release Version or Updating to a Release Branch.

See Updating ESP-IDF if you already have a local copy of ESP-IDF and wish to update it.

Versioning Scheme

ESP-IDF uses Semantic Versioning. This means:

  • Major Releases like v3.0 add new functionality and may change functionality. This includes removing deprecated functionality.

    When updating to a new major release (for example, from v2.1 to v3.0), some of your project’s code may need updating and functionality will need to be re-tested. The release notes on the Releases page include lists of Breaking Changes to refer to.

  • Minor Releases like v3.1 add new functionality and fix bugs but will not change or remove documented functionality, or make incompatible changes to public APIs.

    If updating to a new minor release (for example, from v3.0 to v3.1) then none of your project’s code should need updating, but you should re-test your project. Pay particular attention to items mentioned in the release notes on the Releases page.

  • Bugfix Releases like v3.0.1 only fix bugs and do not add new functionality.

    If updating to a new bugfix release (for example, from v3.0 to v3.0.1), you should not need to change any code in your project and should only need to re-test functionality relating directly to bugs listed in the release notes on the Releases page.

Support Periods

Each ESP-IDF major and minor release version has an associated support period. After this period, the release is End of Life and no longer supported. Some releases are designated Long Term Support, which means the support period is longer than for other releases.

The ESP-IDF Support Period Policy explains this in detail, and describes how the support periods for each release are determined.

Each release on the Releases page includes information about the support period for that particular release.

As a general guideline:

  • Using Long Term Support releases will maximize the amount of time between required ESP-IDF major or minor upgrades.
  • Using standard stable releases will require more frequent upgrades to new ESP-IDF versions. However, this means that new features and major improvements will be available more frequently.

It is also possible to upgrade from a Long Term Support release to a standard release, and vice versa.

Checking The Current Version

The local ESP-IDF version can be checked using git:

cd $IDF_PATH
git describe --dirty

The version is also compiled into the firmware and can be accessed (as a string) via the macro IDF_VER. The default ESP-IDF bootloader will print the version on boot (these versions in code will not always update, it only changes if that particular source file is recompiled).

If writing code that needs to support multiple ESP-IDF versions, the version can be checked at compile time using compile-time macros.

Examples of ESP-IDF versions:

Version String Meaning
v3.2-dev-306-gbeb3611ca Master branch pre-release, in development for version 3.2. 306 commits after v3.2 development started. Commit identifier beb3611ca.
v3.0.2 Stable release, tagged v3.0.2.
v3.1-beta1-75-g346d6b0ea Beta version in development (on a release branch). 75 commits after v3.1-beta1 pre-release tag. Commit identifier 346d6b0ea.
v3.0.1-dirty Stable release, tagged v3.0.1. There are modifications in the local ESP-IDF directory (“dirty”).

Git Workflow

The development (Git) workflow of the Espressif ESP-IDF team is:

  • New work is always added on the master branch (latest version) first. The ESP-IDF version on master is always tagged with -dev (for “in development”), for example v3.1-dev.
  • Changes are first added to an internal Git repository for code review and testing, but are pushed to GitHub after automated testing passes.
  • When a new version (developed on master) becomes feature complete and “beta” quality, a new branch is made for the release, for example release/v3.1. A pre-release tag is also created, for example v3.1-beta1. You can see a full list of branches and a list of tags on GitHub. Beta pre-releases have release notes which may include a significant number of Known Issues.
  • As testing of the beta version progresses, bug fixes will be added to both the master branch and the release branch. New features (for the next release) may start being added to master at the same time.
  • Once testing is nearly complete a new release candidate is tagged on the release branch, for example v3.1-rc1. This is still a pre-release version.
  • If no more significant bugs are found or reported then the final Major or Minor Version is tagged, for example v3.1. This version appears on the Releases page.
  • As bugs are reported in released versions, the fixes will continue to be committed to the same release branch.
  • Regular bugfix releases are made from the same release branch. After manual testing is complete, a bugfix release is tagged (i.e. v3.1.1) and appears on the Releases page.

Updating ESP-IDF

Updating ESP-IDF depends on which version(s) you wish to follow:

Note

These guides assume you already have a local copy of ESP-IDF. To get one, follow the Getting Started guide for any ESP-IDF version.

Updating to Stable Release

To update to new ESP-IDF releases (recommended for production use), this is the process to follow:

  • Check the Releases page regularly for new releases.

  • When a bugfix release for a version you are using is released (for example if using v3.0.1 and v3.0.2 is available), check out the new bugfix version into the existing ESP-IDF directory:

    cd $IDF_PATH
    git fetch
    git checkout vX.Y.Z
    git submodule update --init --recursive
    
  • When major or minor updates are released, check the Release Notes on the releases page and decide if you would like to update or to stay with your existing release. Updating is via the same Git commands shown above.

Note

If you installed the stable release via zip file rather than using git, it may not be possible to change versions this way. In this case, update by downloading a new zip file and replacing the entire IDF_PATH directory with its contents.

Updating to a Pre-Release Version

It is also possible to git checkout a tag corresponding to a pre-release version or release candidate, the process is the same as Updating to Stable Release.

Pre-release tags are not always found on the Releases page. Consult the list of tags on GitHub for a full list. Caveats for using a pre-release are similar to Updating to a Release Branch.

Updating to Master Branch

Note

Using Master branch means living “on the bleeding edge” with the latest ESP-IDF code.

To use the latest version on the ESP-IDF master branch, this is the process to follow:

  • Check out the master branch locally:

    cd $IDF_PATH
    git checkout master
    git pull
    git submodule update --init --recursive
    
  • Periodically, re-run git pull to pull the latest version of master. Note that you may need to change your project or report bugs after updating master branch.

  • To switch from master to a release branch or stable version, run git checkout as shown in the other sections.

Important

It is strongly recommended to regularly run git pull and then git submodule update --init --recursive so a local copy of master does not get too old. Arbitrary old master branch revisions are effectively unsupportable “snapshots” that may have undocumented bugs. For a semi-stable version, try Updating to a Release Branch instead.

Updating to a Release Branch

In stability terms, using a release branch is part-way between using master branch and only using stable releases. A release branch is always beta quality or better, and receives bug fixes before they appear in each stable release.

You can find a list of branches on GitHub.

For example, to follow the branch for ESP-IDF v3.1, including any bugfixes for future releases like v3.1.1, etc:

cd $IDF_PATH
git fetch
git checkout release/v3.1
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

Each time you git pull this branch, ESP-IDF will be updated with fixes for this release.

Note

The is no dedicated documentation for release branches. It is recommended to use the documentation for the closest version to the branch which is currently checked out.