5. Security Considerations
This guide provides an overview of the overall security features that should be considered while designing the products with Matter framework on ESP32 SoCs.
High level security goals are as follows:
Preventing untrustworthy code from being executed
Securing device identity (e.g., Matter DAC Private Key)
Secure storage for confidential data
5.2 Platform Security
5.2.1 Secure Boot
The Secure Boot feature ensures that only authenticated software can execute on the device. The Secure Boot process forms a chain of trust by verifying all mutable software entities involved in the boot-up process. Signature verification happens during both boot-up as well as in OTA updates.
Please refer to Secure Boot V2 guide for detailed documentation about this feature in ESP32.
For ESP32 before ECO3, please refer to Secure Boot V1 guide.
5.2.2 Flash Encryption
The Flash Encryption feature helps to encrypt the contents on the off-chip flash memory and thus provides the confidentiality aspect to the software or data stored in the flash memory.
Please refer to Flash Encryption guide for detailed documentation about this feature in ESP32.
5.3 Product Security
5.3.1 Secure Storage
Secure storage refers to the application-specific data that can be stored in a secure manner on the device, i.e., off-chip flash memory. This is typically a read-write flash partition and holds device specific configuration data, e.g., Wi-Fi credentials.
ESP-IDF provides the NVS (Non-volatile Storage) management component which allows encrypted data partitions. This feature is tied with the platform flash encryption feature described earlier.
Please refer to the NVS Encryption for detailed documentation on the working and instructions to enable this feature in ESP32.
5.3.2 Device Identity
Matter specification requires a unique Device Attestation Key (DAC) per device. This is a private ECDSA (secp256r1 curve) key that establishes the device identity to the Matter Ecosystem. DAC private needs to be protected from remote as well as physical attacks in the best possible way.
Recommended ways for DAC private key protection:
Support for DAC private key protection mechanisms described above is available in the Matter crypto port layer for ESP32 platform.
Espressif provides pre-provisioning service to build Matter-Compatible devices. This service also ensures the security of the DAC private key and configuration data. Please contact Espressif Sales for more information.
5.4 More Security Considerations
Please refer to the overall ESP-IDF Security Guide for more considerations related to the debug interfaces, network, transport and OTA updates related security.
5.5 Security Policy
The ESP-Matter GitHub repository has attached Security Policy Brief.
5.5.2 Software Updates
Critical security issues in the ESP-Matter components, ESP-IDF components and dependant third-party libraries are fixed as and when we find them or when they are reported to us. Gradually, we make the fixes available in all applicable release branches in ESP-Matter.
We recommend periodically updating to the latest bugfix version of the ESP-Matter release to have all critical security fixes available.