ULP LP-Core 协处理器编程

[English]

ULP LP-Core(低功耗内核)协处理器是 ESP32-C6 中 ULP 的一个变型。它具有超低功耗,同时还能在主 CPU 处于低功耗模式时保持运行。因此,LP-Core 协处理器能够在主 CPU 处于睡眠模式时处理 GPIO 或传感器读取等任务,从而显著降低整个系统的整体功耗。

ULP LP-Core 协处理器具有以下功能:

  • RV32I 处理器(32 位 RISC-V ISA),支持乘法/除法 (M)、原子 (A) 和压缩 (C) 扩展。

  • 中断控制器。

  • 包含一个调试模块,支持通过 JTAG 进行外部调试。

  • 当整个系统处于 active 模式时,可以访问所有的高功耗 (HP) SRAM 和外设。

  • 当 HP 系统处于睡眠模式时,可以访问低功耗 (LP) SRAM 和外设。

编译 ULP LP-Core 代码

ULP LP-Core 代码会与 ESP-IDF 项目共同编译,生成一个单独的二进制文件,并自动嵌入到主项目的二进制文件中。编译操作如下:

  1. 将用 C 语言或汇编语言编写的 ULP LP-Core 代码(带有 .S 扩展名)放在组件目录下的专用目录中,例如 ulp/

  2. 在 CMakeLists.txt 文件中注册组件后,调用 ulp_embed_binary 函数。例如:

idf_component_register()

set(ulp_app_name ulp_${COMPONENT_NAME})
set(ulp_sources "ulp/ulp_c_source_file.c" "ulp/ulp_assembly_source_file.S")
set(ulp_exp_dep_srcs "ulp_c_source_file.c")

ulp_embed_binary(${ulp_app_name} "${ulp_sources}" "${ulp_exp_dep_srcs}")

ulp_embed_binary 的第一个参数为 ULP 二进制文件的文件名,该文件名也用于其他生成的文件,如 ELF 文件、映射文件、头文件和链接器导出文件。第二个参数为 ULP 源文件。第三个参数为组件源文件列表,用于包含要生成的头文件。要正确构建依赖关系、确保在编译这些文件前创建要生成的头文件,都需要此文件列表。有关 ULP 应用程序生成头文件的概念,请参阅本文档后续章节。

  1. 在 menuconfig 中启用 CONFIG_ULP_COPROC_ENABLEDCONFIG_ULP_COPROC_TYPE 选项,并将 CONFIG_ULP_COPROC_TYPE 设置为 CONFIG_ULP_COPROC_TYPE_LP_CORECONFIG_ULP_COPROC_RESERVE_MEM 选项为 ULP 保留 RTC 内存,因此必须设置为一个足够大的值,以存储 ULP LP-Core 代码和数据。如果应用程序组件包含多个 ULP 程序,那么 RTC 内存的大小必须足够容纳其中最大的程序。

  2. 按照常规步骤构建应用程序(例如 idf.py app)。

在构建过程中,采取以下步骤来构建 ULP 程序:

  1. 通过 C 编译器和汇编器运行每个源文件。 此步骤会在组件构建目录中生成目标文件 .obj.c.obj.S,具体取决于处理的源文件。

  2. 通过 C 预处理器运行链接器脚本模板。 模板位于 components/ulp/ld 目录中。

  3. 将对象文件链接到一个 ELF 输出文件中,ulp_app_name.elf。在此阶段生成的映射文件 ulp_app_name.map 可用于调试。

  4. 将 ELF 文件的内容转储到一个二进制文件中,ulp_app_name.bin。此二进制文件接下来可以嵌入到应用程序中。

  5. 使用 riscv32-esp-elf-nm 在 ELF 文件中 生成全局符号列表,ulp_app_name.sym

  6. 创建一个 LD 导出脚本和一个头文件,ulp_app_name.ldulp_app_name.h,并在其中包含 ulp_app_name.sym 中的符号。此步骤可以通过 esp32ulp_mapgen.py 实现。

  7. 将生成的二进制文件添加到要嵌入到应用程序中的二进制文件列表。

访问 ULP LP-Core 程序变量

在主程序中可以使用在 ULP LP-Core 程序中定义的全局符号。

例如,ULP LP-Core 程序定义了一个变量 measurement_count,用来表示程序从深度睡眠中唤醒芯片前所需的 GPIO 测量次数。

volatile int measurement_count;

int some_function()
{
    //读取测量次数以便后续使用。
    int temp = measurement_count;

    ...do something.
}

主程序可以访问 ULP LP-Core 程序全局变量,这是因为构建系统生成了 ${ULP_APP_NAME}.h${ULP_APP_NAME}.ld 文件,文件中定义了 ULP LP-Core 程序中现有的的全局符号。在 ULP LP-Core 程序中定义的每个全局符号都包含在这两个文件中,并具有前缀 ulp_

头文件中包含符号的声明:

extern uint32_t ulp_measurement_count;

注意,所有的符号(变量、数组、函数)都被声明为 uint32_t 类型。对于函数和数组,获取符号的地址并将其转换为合适的类型。

生成的链接器脚本文件定义了 LP_MEM 中符号的位置:

PROVIDE ( ulp_measurement_count = 0x50000060 );

要从主程序访问 ULP LP-Core 程序变量,应使用 include 语句将生成的头文件包含在主程序中,这样就可以像访问常规变量一样访问 ULP LP-Core 程序变量。

#include "ulp_app_name.h"

void init_ulp_vars() {
    ulp_measurement_count = 64;
}

备注

LP-Core 程序全局变量存储在二进制文件的 .bss 或者 .data 部分。这些部分在加载和执行 LP-Core 二进制文件时被初始化。在首次运行 LP-Core 之前,从 HP-Core 主程序访问这些变量可能会导致未定义行为。

启动 ULP LP-Core 程序

要运行 ULP LP-Core 程序,主应用程序需要先使用 ulp_lp_core_load_binary() 函数将 ULP 程序加载到 RTC 内存中,然后使用 ulp_lp_core_run() 函数进行启动。

每个 ULP LP-Core 程序以二进制 blob 的形式嵌入到 ESP-IDF 应用程序中。应用程序可以按照如下方式引用和加载该 blob(假设 ULP_APP_NAME 被定义为 ulp_app_name):

extern const uint8_t bin_start[] asm("_binary_ulp_app_name_bin_start");
extern const uint8_t bin_end[]   asm("_binary_ulp_app_name_bin_end");

void start_ulp_program() {
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( ulp_lp_core_load_binary( bin_start,
        (bin_end - bin_start)) );
}

将程序加载到 LP 内存后,就可以调用 ulp_lp_core_run() 配置和启动应用程序:

ulp_lp_core_cfg_t cfg = {
    .wakeup_source = ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_LP_TIMER, // LP 内核会定期被 LP 定时器唤醒
    .lp_timer_sleep_duration_us = 10000,
};

ESP_ERROR_CHECK( ulp_lp_core_run(&cfg) );

ULP LP-Core 程序流程

ULP LP-Core 协处理器如何启动取决于 ulp_lp_core_cfg_t 中选择的唤醒源。最常见的用例是 ULP 定期唤醒,在进行一些测量后唤醒主 CPU,或者再次进入睡眠状态。

ULP 有以下唤醒源:

ULP 被唤醒时会经历以下步骤:

  1. 初始化系统功能,如中断

  2. 调用用户代码 main()

  3. main() 返回

  4. 如果指定了 lp_timer_sleep_duration_us,则配置下一个唤醒闹钟

  5. 调用 ulp_lp_core_halt()

ULP LP-Core 支持的外设

为了增强 ULP LP-Core 协处理器的功能,它可以访问在低功耗电源域运行的外设。ULP LP-Core 协处理器可以在主 CPU 处于睡眠模式时与这些外设进行交互,并在达到唤醒条件时唤醒主 CPU。以下为支持的外设:

  • LP IO

  • LP I2C

  • LP UART

ULP LP-Core 中断

配置 LP-Core 协处理器,可以处理各种类型的中断,例如 LP IO 低/高电平中断或是 LP 定时器中断。只需重写 IDF 提供的任何一个弱处理函数,就可以注册一个中断处理程序。所有处理程序可见 ulp_lp_core_interrupts.h 。有关特定目标可使用的中断的详细信息,请参阅 ESP32-C6 技术参考手册 [PDF]。

例如,要重写 LP IO 中断的处理程序,可以在 ULP LP-Core 代码中定义以下函数:

void LP_CORE_ISR_ATTR ulp_lp_core_lp_io_intr_handler(void)
{
    // 处理中断,清除中断源
}

LP_CORE_ISR_ATTR 宏用于定义中断处理函数,可确保调用中断处理程序时妥善保存并恢复寄存器。

除了为需要处理的中断源配置相关的中断寄存器外,还要调用 ulp_lp_core_intr_enable() 函数,在 LP-Core 中断控制器中使能全局中断。

调试 ULP LP-Core 应用程序

在编程 LP-Core 时,有时很难弄清楚程序未按预期运行的原因。请参考以下策略,调试 LP-Core 程序:

  • 使用 LP-UART 打印:LP-Core 可以访问 LP-UART 外设,在主 CPU 处于睡眠状态时独立打印信息。有关使用此驱动程序的示例,请参阅 system/ulp/lp_core/lp_uart/lp_uart_print

  • 通过共享变量共享程序状态:如 访问 ULP LP-Core 程序变量 所述,主 CPU 和 ULP 内核都可以轻松访问 RTC 内存中的全局变量。若想了解 ULP 内核的运行状态,可以将状态信息从 ULP 写入变量中,并通过主 CPU 读取信息。这种方法的缺点在于它需要主 CPU 一直处于唤醒状态,而这通常很难实现。另外,若主 CPU 一直处于唤醒状态,可能会掩盖某些问题,因为部分问题只会在特定电源域断电时发生。

  • 紧急处理程序:当检测到异常时,LP-Core 的紧急处理程序会把 LP-Core 寄存器的状态通过 LP-UART 发送出去。将 CONFIG_ULP_PANIC_OUTPUT_ENABLE 选项设置为 y,可以启用紧急处理程序。禁用此选项将减少 LP-Core 应用程序的 LP-RAM 使用量。若想从紧急转储中解析栈回溯,可以使用 esp-idf-monitor,例如:

    python -m esp_idf_monitor --toolchain-prefix riscv32-esp-elf- --target ESP32-C6 --decode-panic backtrace PATH_TO_ULP_ELF_FILE
    

应用示例

API 参考

主 CPU API 参考

Header File

  • components/ulp/lp_core/include/ulp_lp_core.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "ulp_lp_core.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the ulp component. To declare that your component depends on ulp, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES ulp
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES ulp
    

Functions

esp_err_t ulp_lp_core_run(ulp_lp_core_cfg_t *cfg)

Configure the ULP and run the program loaded into RTC memory.

返回

ESP_OK on success

esp_err_t ulp_lp_core_load_binary(const uint8_t *program_binary, size_t program_size_bytes)

Load the program binary into RTC memory.

参数
  • program_binary -- pointer to program binary

  • program_size_bytes -- size of the program binary

返回

  • ESP_OK on success

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_SIZE if program_size_bytes is more than KiB

void ulp_lp_core_stop(void)

Puts the ulp to sleep and disables all wakeup sources. To restart the ULP call ulp_lp_core_run() with the desired wake up trigger.

void ulp_lp_core_sw_intr_trigger(void)

Trigger a SW interrupt to the LP CPU from the PMU.

备注

This is the same SW trigger that is used to wake up the LP CPU

Structures

struct ulp_lp_core_cfg_t

ULP LP core init parameters.

Public Members

uint32_t wakeup_source

Wakeup source flags

uint32_t lp_timer_sleep_duration_us

Sleep duration when ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_LP_TIMER is specified. Measurement unit: us

Macros

ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_HP_CPU
ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_LP_UART
ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_LP_IO
ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_ETM
ULP_LP_CORE_WAKEUP_SOURCE_LP_TIMER

Header File

  • components/ulp/lp_core/include/lp_core_i2c.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "lp_core_i2c.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the ulp component. To declare that your component depends on ulp, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES ulp
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES ulp
    

Functions

esp_err_t lp_core_i2c_master_init(i2c_port_t lp_i2c_num, const lp_core_i2c_cfg_t *cfg)

Initialize and configure the LP I2C for use by the LP core Currently LP I2C can only be used in master mode.

备注

The internal pull-up resistors for SDA and SCL pins, if enabled, will provide a weak pull-up value of about 30-50 kOhm. Users are adviced to enable external pull-ups for better performance at higher SCL frequencies.

参数
  • lp_i2c_num -- LP I2C port number

  • cfg -- Configuration parameters

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

Structures

struct lp_core_i2c_pin_cfg_t

LP Core I2C pin config parameters.

Public Members

gpio_num_t sda_io_num

GPIO pin for SDA signal. Only GPIO#6 can be used as the SDA pin.

gpio_num_t scl_io_num

GPIO pin for SCL signal. Only GPIO#7 can be used as the SCL pin.

bool sda_pullup_en

SDA line enable internal pullup. Can be configured if external pullup is not used.

bool scl_pullup_en

SCL line enable internal pullup. Can be configured if external pullup is not used.

struct lp_core_i2c_timing_cfg_t

LP Core I2C timing config parameters.

Public Members

uint32_t clk_speed_hz

LP I2C clock speed for master mode

struct lp_core_i2c_cfg_t

LP Core I2C config parameters.

Public Members

lp_core_i2c_pin_cfg_t i2c_pin_cfg

LP I2C pin configuration

lp_core_i2c_timing_cfg_t i2c_timing_cfg

LP I2C timing configuration

soc_periph_lp_i2c_clk_src_t i2c_src_clk

LP I2C source clock type

Macros

LP_I2C_DEFAULT_GPIO_CONFIG()
LP_I2C_FAST_MODE_CONFIG()
LP_I2C_STANDARD_MODE_CONFIG()
LP_I2C_DEFAULT_SRC_CLK()
LP_CORE_I2C_DEFAULT_CONFIG()

Header File

  • components/ulp/lp_core/include/lp_core_uart.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "lp_core_uart.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the ulp component. To declare that your component depends on ulp, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES ulp
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES ulp
    

Functions

esp_err_t lp_core_uart_init(const lp_core_uart_cfg_t *cfg)

Initialize and configure the LP UART to be used from the LP core.

备注

The LP UART initialization must be called from the main core (HP CPU)

参数

cfg -- Configuration parameters

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

Structures

struct lp_core_uart_pin_cfg_t

LP UART IO pins configuration.

Public Members

gpio_num_t tx_io_num

GPIO pin for UART Tx signal. Only GPIO#5 can be used as the UART Tx pin

gpio_num_t rx_io_num

GPIO pin for UART Rx signal. Only GPIO#4 can be used as the UART Rx pin

gpio_num_t rts_io_num

GPIO pin for UART RTS signal. Only GPIO#2 can be used as the UART RTS pin

gpio_num_t cts_io_num

GPIO pin for UART CTS signal. Only GPIO#3 can be used as the UART CTS pin

struct lp_core_uart_proto_cfg_t

LP UART protocol configuration.

Public Members

int baud_rate

LP UART baud rate

uart_word_length_t data_bits

LP UART byte size

uart_parity_t parity

LP UART parity mode

uart_stop_bits_t stop_bits

LP UART stop bits

uart_hw_flowcontrol_t flow_ctrl

LP UART HW flow control mode (cts/rts)

uint8_t rx_flow_ctrl_thresh

LP UART HW RTS threshold

struct lp_core_uart_cfg_t

LP UART configuration parameters.

Public Members

lp_core_uart_pin_cfg_t uart_pin_cfg

LP UART pin configuration

lp_core_uart_proto_cfg_t uart_proto_cfg

LP UART protocol configuration

lp_uart_sclk_t lp_uart_source_clk

LP UART source clock selection

Macros

LP_UART_DEFAULT_TX_GPIO_NUM

Default LP_IO Mux pins for LP UART

LP_UART_DEFAULT_RX_GPIO_NUM
LP_UART_DEFAULT_RTS_GPIO_NUM
LP_UART_DEFAULT_CTS_GPIO_NUM
LP_UART_DEFAULT_GPIO_CONFIG()
LP_UART_DEFAULT_PROTO_CONFIG()
LP_UART_DEFAULT_CLOCK_CONFIG()
LP_CORE_UART_DEFAULT_CONFIG()

Header File

  • components/ulp/lp_core/include/lp_core_etm.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "lp_core_etm.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the ulp component. To declare that your component depends on ulp, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES ulp
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES ulp
    

Functions

esp_err_t lp_core_new_etm_event(const lp_core_etm_event_config_t *config, esp_etm_event_handle_t *out_event)

Create a ETM event for LP-Core.

备注

The created ETM event object can be deleted later by calling esp_etm_del_event

参数
  • config -- [in] LP-Core ETM event configuration

  • out_event -- [out] Returned ETM event handle

返回

  • ESP_OK: Get ETM event successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Get ETM event failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Get ETM event failed because of other error

esp_err_t lp_core_new_etm_task(const lp_core_etm_task_config_t *config, esp_etm_task_handle_t *out_task)

Create a ETM task for LP-Core.

备注

The created ETM task object can be deleted later by calling esp_etm_del_task

参数
  • config -- [in] LP-Core ETM task configuration

  • out_task -- [out] Returned ETM task handle

返回

  • ESP_OK: Get ETM task successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Get ETM task failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Get ETM task failed because of other error

Structures

struct lp_core_etm_event_config_t

LP-Core ETM event configuration.

Public Members

lp_core_etm_event_type_t event_type

LP-Core ETM event type

struct lp_core_etm_task_config_t

LP-Core ETM task configuration.

Public Members

lp_core_etm_task_type_t task_type

LP-Core ETM task type

Header File

Enumerations

enum lp_core_etm_event_type_t

LP-Core event types enum.

Values:

enumerator LP_CORE_EVENT_ERR_INTR

Exception triggered on LP-Core

enumerator LP_CORE_EVENT_START_INTR

LP-Core clock has been turned on

enumerator LP_CORE_EVENT_MAX

Maximum number of LP-Core events

enum lp_core_etm_task_type_t

LP-Core task types enum.

Values:

enumerator LP_CORE_TASK_WAKEUP_CPU

LP-Core wake-up task

enumerator LP_CORE_TASK_MAX

Maximum number of LP-Core tasks

LP 内核 API 参考

Header File

Functions

void ulp_lp_core_update_wakeup_cause(void)

Traverse all possible wake-up sources and update the wake-up cause so that ulp_lp_core_get_wakeup_cause can obtain the bitmap of the wake-up reasons.

uint32_t ulp_lp_core_get_wakeup_cause(void)

Get the wakeup source which caused LP_CPU to wakeup from sleep.

返回

Wakeup cause in bit map, for the meaning of each bit, refer to the definition of wakeup source in lp_core_ll.h

void ulp_lp_core_wakeup_main_processor(void)

Wakeup main CPU from sleep or deep sleep.

This raises a software interrupt signal, if the main CPU has configured the ULP as a wakeup source calling this function will make the main CPU to exit from sleep or deep sleep.

void ulp_lp_core_delay_us(uint32_t us)

Makes the co-processor busy wait for a certain number of microseconds.

参数

us -- Number of microseconds to busy-wait for

void ulp_lp_core_delay_cycles(uint32_t cycles)

Makes the co-processor busy wait for a certain number of cycles.

参数

cycles -- Number of cycles to busy-wait for

void ulp_lp_core_halt(void)

Finishes the ULP program and powers down the ULP until next wakeup.

备注

This function does not return. After called it will fully reset the ULP.

备注

The program will automatically call this function when returning from main().

备注

To stop the ULP from waking up, call ulp_lp_core_lp_timer_disable() before halting.

void ulp_lp_core_stop_lp_core(void)

The LP core puts itself to sleep and disables all wakeup sources.

void ulp_lp_core_sw_intr_enable(bool enable)

Enable the SW triggered interrupt from the PMU.

备注

This is the same SW trigger interrupt that is used to wake up the LP CPU

参数

enable -- true to enable, false to disable

void ulp_lp_core_sw_intr_clear(void)

Clear the interrupt status for the SW triggered interrupt from the PMU.

void ulp_lp_core_wait_for_intr(void)

Puts the CPU into a wait state until an interrupt is triggered.

备注

The CPU will draw less power when in this state compared to actively running

Header File

Functions

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_init(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Initialize a rtcio pin.

备注

If IO is used in LP application, rtc_gpio_init must be called at least once for the using IO before loading LP core firmware in HP Code.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to initialize

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_output_enable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Enable output.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to enable output for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_output_disable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Disable output.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to disable output for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_input_enable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Enable input.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to enable input for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_input_disable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Disable input.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to disable input for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_set_level(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num, uint8_t level)

Set rtcio output level.

参数
  • lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to set the output level for

  • level -- 0: output low; 1: output high.

static inline uint32_t ulp_lp_core_gpio_get_level(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Get rtcio output level.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to get the output level for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_set_output_mode(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num, rtcio_ll_out_mode_t mode)

Set rtcio output mode.

参数
  • lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to set the output mode for

  • mode -- RTCIO_LL_OUTPUT_NORMAL: normal, RTCIO_LL_OUTPUT_OD: open drain

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_pullup_enable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Enable internal pull-up resistor.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to enable pull-up for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_pullup_disable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Disable internal pull-up resistor.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to disable pull-up for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_pulldown_enable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Enable internal pull-down resistor.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to enable pull-down for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_pulldown_disable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num)

Disable internal pull-down resistor.

参数

lp_io_num -- The rtc io pin to disable pull-down for

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_intr_enable(lp_io_num_t lp_io_num, lp_io_intr_type_t intr_type)

Enable interrupt for lp io pin.

参数
  • lp_io_num -- The lp io pin to enable interrupt for

  • intr_type -- The interrupt type to enable

static inline void ulp_lp_core_gpio_clear_intr_status(void)

Clear interrupt status for all lp io.

Macros

RTCIO_OUTPUT_NORMAL
RTCIO_OUTPUT_OD

Enumerations

enum lp_io_num_t

Values:

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_0

GPIO0, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_1

GPIO1, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_2

GPIO2, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_3

GPIO3, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_4

GPIO4, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_5

GPIO5, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_6

GPIO6, input and output

enumerator LP_IO_NUM_7

GPIO7, input and output

enum lp_io_intr_type_t

Values:

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_DISABLE

Disable GPIO interrupt

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_POSEDGE

GPIO interrupt type : rising edge

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_NEGEDGE

GPIO interrupt type : falling edge

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_ANYEDGE

GPIO interrupt type : both rising and falling edge

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_LOW_LEVEL

GPIO interrupt type : input low level trigger

enumerator LP_IO_INTR_HIGH_LEVEL

GPIO interrupt type : input high level trigger

Header File

Functions

esp_err_t lp_core_i2c_master_read_from_device(i2c_port_t lp_i2c_num, uint16_t device_addr, uint8_t *data_rd, size_t size, int32_t ticks_to_wait)

Read from I2C device.

备注

The LP I2C must have been initialized from the HP core using the lp_core_i2c_master_init() API before invoking this API.

备注

the LP I2C does not support 10-bit I2C device addresses.

备注

the LP I2C port number is ignored at the moment.

参数
  • lp_i2c_num -- LP I2C port number

  • device_addr -- I2C device address (7-bit)

  • data_rd -- Buffer to hold data to be read

  • size -- Size of data to be read in bytes

  • ticks_to_wait -- Operation timeout in CPU cycles. Set to -1 to wait forever.

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

esp_err_t lp_core_i2c_master_write_to_device(i2c_port_t lp_i2c_num, uint16_t device_addr, const uint8_t *data_wr, size_t size, int32_t ticks_to_wait)

Write to I2C device.

备注

The LP I2C must have been initialized from the HP core using the lp_core_i2c_master_init() API before invoking this API.

备注

the LP I2C does not support 10-bit I2C device addresses.

备注

the LP I2C port number is ignored at the moment.

参数
  • lp_i2c_num -- LP I2C port number

  • device_addr -- I2C device address (7-bit)

  • data_wr -- Buffer which holds the data to be written

  • size -- Size of data to be written in bytes

  • ticks_to_wait -- Operation timeout in CPU cycles. Set to -1 to wait forever.

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

esp_err_t lp_core_i2c_master_write_read_device(i2c_port_t lp_i2c_num, uint16_t device_addr, const uint8_t *data_wr, size_t write_size, uint8_t *data_rd, size_t read_size, int32_t ticks_to_wait)

Write to and then read from an I2C device in a single transaction.

备注

The LP I2C must have been initialized from the HP core using the lp_core_i2c_master_init() API before invoking this API.

备注

the LP I2C does not support 10-bit I2C device addresses.

备注

the LP I2C port number is ignored at the moment.

参数
  • lp_i2c_num -- LP I2C port number

  • device_addr -- I2C device address (7-bit)

  • data_wr -- Buffer which holds the data to be written

  • write_size -- Size of data to be written in bytes

  • data_rd -- Buffer to hold data to be read

  • read_size -- Size of data to be read in bytes

  • ticks_to_wait -- Operation timeout in CPU cycles. Set to -1 to wait forever.

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

void lp_core_i2c_master_set_ack_check_en(i2c_port_t lp_i2c_num, bool ack_check_en)

Enable or disable ACK checking by the LP_I2C controller during write operations.

When ACK checking is enabled, the hardware will check the ACK/NACK level received during write operations against the expected ACK/NACK level. If the received ACK/NACK level does not match the expected ACK/NACK level then the hardware will generate the I2C_NACK_INT and a STOP condition will be generated to stop the data transfer.

备注

ACK checking is enabled by default

备注

the LP I2C port number is ignored at the moment.

参数
  • lp_i2c_num -- LP I2C port number

  • ack_check_en -- true: enable ACK check false: disable ACK check

Header File

Functions

int lp_core_uart_tx_chars(uart_port_t lp_uart_num, const void *src, size_t size)

Send data to the LP UART port if there is space available in the Tx FIFO.

This function will not wait for enough space in the Tx FIFO to be available. It will just fill the available Tx FIFO slots and return when the FIFO is full. If there are no empty slots in the Tx FIFO, this function will not write any data.

参数
  • lp_uart_num -- LP UART port number

  • src -- data buffer address

  • size -- data length to send

返回

- (-1) Error

  • OTHERS (>=0) The number of bytes pushed to the Tx FIFO

esp_err_t lp_core_uart_write_bytes(uart_port_t lp_uart_num, const void *src, size_t size, int32_t timeout)

Write data to the LP UART port.

This function will write data to the Tx FIFO. If a timeout value is configured, this function will timeout once the number of CPU cycles expire.

参数
  • lp_uart_num -- LP UART port number

  • src -- data buffer address

  • size -- data length to send

  • timeout -- Operation timeout in CPU cycles. Set to -1 to wait forever.

返回

esp_err_t ESP_OK when successful

int lp_core_uart_read_bytes(uart_port_t lp_uart_num, void *buf, size_t size, int32_t timeout)

Read data from the LP UART port.

This function will read data from the Rx FIFO. If a timeout value is configured, then this function will timeout once the number of CPU cycles expire.

参数
  • lp_uart_num -- LP UART port number

  • buf -- data buffer address

  • size -- data length to send

  • timeout -- Operation timeout in CPU cycles. Set to -1 to wait forever.

返回

- (-1) Error

  • OTHERS (>=0) The number of bytes read from the Rx FIFO

Header File

Functions

void lp_core_printf(const char *format, ...)

Print from the LP core.

备注

This function uses the LP UART peripheral to enable prints.The LP UART must be initialized with lp_core_uart_init() before using this function.

备注

This function is not a standard printf function and may not support all format specifiers or special characters.

参数
  • format -- string to be printed

  • ... -- variable argument list

void lp_core_print_char(char c)

Print a single character from the LP core.

参数

c -- character to be printed

void lp_core_print_str(const char *str)

Print a null-terminated string from the LP core.

参数

str -- null-terminated string to be printed

void lp_core_print_hex(int h)

Print a hex value from the LP core.

备注

Does not print '0x', only the digits (will always print 8 digits)

参数

h -- hex value to be printed

void lp_core_print_dec_two_digits(int d)

Print a two digit integer from the LP-Core.

参数

d -- integer to be printed

Header File

Functions

void ulp_lp_core_intr_enable(void)

Enables interrupts globally for the low power core.

Available interrupt handlers for the low power core are as follows:

ulp_lp_core_lp_io_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_i2c_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_uart_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_timer_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_pmu_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_spi_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_trng_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_adc_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_touch_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_tsens_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_efuse_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_sysreg_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_ana_peri_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_mailbox_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_wdt_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_lp_rtc_intr_handler(void); ulp_lp_core_sw_intr_handler(void);

Not all handlers are available on all chips. Please refer to the Technical Reference Manual for your chip for more information.

void ulp_lp_core_intr_disable(void)

Disables interrupts globally for the low power core.

Macros

LP_CORE_ISR_ATTR

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