MQTT AT Commands

[中文]

AT+MQTTUSERCFG: Set MQTT User Configuration

Set Command

Function:

Set MQTT User Configuration.

Command:

AT+MQTTUSERCFG=<LinkID>,<scheme>,<"client_id">,<"username">,<"password">,<cert_key_ID>,<CA_ID>,<"path">

Response:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: currently only supports link ID 0.

  • <scheme>:

    • 1: MQTT over TCP.

    • 2: MQTT over TLS (no certificate verify).

    • 3: MQTT over TLS (verify server certificate).

    • 4: MQTT over TLS (provide client certificate).

    • 5: MQTT over TLS (verify server certificate and provide client certificate).

    • 6: MQTT over WebSocket (based on TCP).

    • 7: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, no certificate verify).

    • 8: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, verify server certificate).

    • 9: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, provide client certificate).

    • 10: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, verify server certificate and provide client certificate).

  • <client_id>: MQTT client ID. Maximum length: 256 bytes.

  • <username>: the username to login to the MQTT broker. Maximum length: 64 bytes.

  • <password>: the password to login to the MQTT broker. Maximum length: 64 bytes.

  • <cert_key_ID>: certificate ID. Currently, ESP-AT only supports one certificate for ID 0.

  • <CA_ID>: CA ID. Currently, ESP-AT only supports one CA for ID 0.

  • <path>: the path of the resource. Maximum length: 32 bytes.

Note

  • The length of the entire AT command should be less than 256 bytes.

AT+MQTTLONGCLIENTID: Set MQTT Client ID

Set Command

Function:

Set MQTT Client ID.

Command:

AT+MQTTLONGCLIENTID=<LinkID>,<length>

Response:

OK

>

This response indicates that AT is ready for receiving MQTT Client ID. You should enter the Client ID, and when the Client ID length reaches the <length> value, the system returns:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: currently only supports link ID 0.

  • <length>: MQTT client ID length. Range: [1,1024].

Notes

  • The command AT+MQTTUSERCFG can also set MQTT client ID. The differences between the two commands include:

    • You can use AT+MQTTLONGCLIENTID to set a relatively long client ID since there is a limitation on the length of the AT+MQTTUSERCFG command.

    • You should set AT+MQTTLONGCLIENTID after setting the AT+MQTTUSERCFG command.

AT+MQTTLONGUSERNAME: Set MQTT Username

Set Command

Function:

Set MQTT username.

Command:

AT+MQTTLONGUSERNAME=<LinkID>,<length>

Response:

OK

>

This response indicates that AT is ready for receiving MQTT username. You should enter the MQTT username, and when the MQTT username length reaches the <length> value, the system returns:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <length>: MQTT username length. Range: [1,1024].

Notes

  • The command AT+MQTTUSERCFG can also set MQTT username. The differences between the two commands include:

    • You can use AT+MQTTLONGUSERNAME to set a relatively long username since there is a limitation on the length of the AT+MQTTUSERCFG command.

    • You should set AT+MQTTLONGUSERNAME after setting the command AT+MQTTUSERCFG.

AT+MQTTLONGPASSWORD: Set MQTT Password

Set Command

Function:

Set MQTT password.

Command:

AT+MQTTLONGPASSWORD=<LinkID>,<length>

Response:

OK

>

This response indicates that AT is ready for receiving MQTT password. You should enter the MQTT password, and when the MQTT password length reaches the <length> value, the system returns:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <length>: MQTT password length. Range: [1,1024].

Notes

  • The command AT+MQTTUSERCFG can also set MQTT password. The differences between the two commands include:

    • You can use AT+MQTTLONGPASSWORD to set a relatively long password since there is a limitation on the length of the AT+MQTTUSERCFG command.

    • You should set AT+MQTTLONGPASSWORD after setting the command AT+MQTTUSERCFG.

AT+MQTTCONNCFG: Set Configuration of MQTT Connection

Set Command

Function:

Set configuration of MQTT Connection.

Command:

AT+MQTTCONNCFG=<LinkID>,<keepalive>,<disable_clean_session>,<"lwt_topic">,<"lwt_msg">,<lwt_qos>,<lwt_retain>

Response:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <keepalive>: timeout of MQTT ping. Unit: second. Range [0,7200]. The default value is 0, which will be force-changed to 120 s.

  • <disable_clean_session>: set MQTT clean session. For more details about this parameter, please refer to the section Clean Session in MQTT Version 3.1.1.

    • 0: enable clean session.

    • 1: disable clean session.

  • <lwt_topic>: LWT (Last Will and Testament) message topic. Maximum length: 128 bytes.

  • <lwt_msg>: LWT message. Maximum length: 64 bytes.

  • <lwt_qos>: LWT QoS, which can be set to 0, 1, or 2. Default: 0.

  • <lwt_retain>: LWT retain, which can be set to 0 or 1. Default: 0.

AT+MQTTALPN: Set MQTT Application Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN)

Set Command

Function:

Set MQTT Application Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN).

Command:

AT+MQTTALPN=<LinkID>,<alpn_counts>[,<"alpn">][,<"alpn">][,<"alpn">]

Response:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <alpn_counts>: the number of <”alpn”> parameters. Range: [0,5].

  • 0: clean the MQTT ALPN configuration.

  • [1,5]: set the MQTT ALPN configuration.

  • <”alpn”>: you can send more than one ALPN in ClientHello to the server.

Notes

  • The length of the entire AT command should be less than 256 bytes.

  • MQTT ALPN will only be effective if the MQTT connection is based on TLS or WSS.

  • You should set AT+MQTTALPN after setting the command AT+MQTTUSERCFG.

Example

AT+CWMODE=1
AT+CWJAP="ssid","password"
AT+CIPSNTPCFG=1,8,"ntp1.aliyun.com","ntp2.aliyun.com"
AT+MQTTUSERCFG=0,5,"ESP32","espressif","1234567890",0,0,""
AT+MQTTALPN=0,2,"mqtt-ca.cn","mqtt-ca.us"
AT+MQTTCONN=0,"192.168.200.2",8883,1

AT+MQTTCONN: Connect to MQTT Brokers

Query Command

Function:

Query the MQTT broker that ESP32 are connected to.

Command:

AT+MQTTCONN?

Response:

+MQTTCONN:<LinkID>,<state>,<scheme><"host">,<port>,<"path">,<reconnect>
OK

Set Command

Function:

Connect to an MQTT broker.

Command:

AT+MQTTCONN=<LinkID>,<"host">,<port>,<reconnect>

Response:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <host>: MQTT broker domain. Maximum length: 128 bytes.

  • <port>: MQTT broker port. Maximum: port 65535.

  • <path>: path. Maximum length: 32 bytes.

  • <reconnect>:

    • 0: MQTT will not reconnect automatically.

    • 1: MQTT will reconnect automatically. It takes more resources.

  • <state>: MQTT state.

    • 0: MQTT uninitialized.

    • 1: already set AT+MQTTUSERCFG.

    • 2: already set AT+MQTTCONNCFG.

    • 3: connection disconnected.

    • 4: connection established.

    • 5: connected, but did not subscribe to any topic.

    • 6: connected, and subscribed to MQTT topics.

  • <scheme>:

    • 1: MQTT over TCP.

    • 2: MQTT over TLS (no certificate verify).

    • 3: MQTT over TLS (verify server certificate).

    • 4: MQTT over TLS (provide client certificate).

    • 5: MQTT over TLS (verify server certificate and provide client certificate).

    • 6: MQTT over WebSocket (based on TCP).

    • 7: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, verify no certificate).

    • 8: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, verify server certificate).

    • 9: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, provide client certificate).

    • 10: MQTT over WebSocket Secure (based on TLS, verify server certificate and provide client certificate).

AT+MQTTPUB: Publish MQTT Messages in String

Set Command

Function:

Publish MQTT messages in string to a defined topic. If the amount of data you publish is relatively large, and the length of a single AT command has exceeded the threshold of 256, please use the AT+MQTTPUBRAW command.

Command:

AT+MQTTPUB=<LinkID>,<"topic">,<"data">,<qos>,<retain>

Response:

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <topic>: MQTT topic. Maximum length: 128 bytes.

  • <data>: MQTT message in string.

  • <qos>: QoS of message, which can be set to 0, 1, or 2. Default: 0.

  • <retain>: retain flag.

Notes

  • The length of the entire AT command should be less than 256 bytes.

  • This command cannot send data \0. If you need to send \0, please use the command AT+MQTTPUBRAW instead.

Example

AT+CWMODE=1
AT+CWJAP="ssid","password"
AT+MQTTUSERCFG=0,1,"ESP32","espressif","1234567890",0,0,""
AT+MQTTCONN=0,"192.168.10.234",1883,0
AT+MQTTPUB=0,"topic","\"{\"timestamp\":\"20201121085253\"}\"",0,0

AT+MQTTPUBRAW: Publish Long MQTT Messages

Set Command

Function:

Publish long MQTT messages to a defined topic. If the amount of data you publish is relatively small, and the length of a single AT command is not greater than the threshold of 256, you also can use the AT+MQTTPUB command.

Command:

AT+MQTTPUBRAW=<LinkID>,<"topic">,<length>,<qos>,<retain>

Response:

OK
>

The symbol > indicates that AT is ready for receiving serial data, and you can enter the data now. When the requirement of message length determined by the parameter <length> is met, the transmission starts.

If the transmission is successful, AT returns:

+MQTTPUB:OK

Otherwise, it returns:

+MQTTPUB:FAIL

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <topic>: MQTT topic. Maximum length: 128 bytes.

  • <length>: length of MQTT message. The maximum length is limited by available memory.

  • <qos>: QoS of the published message, which can be set to 0, 1, or 2. Default is 0.

  • <retain>: retain flag.

AT+MQTTSUB: Subscribe to MQTT Topics

Query Command

Function:

List all MQTT topics that have been already subscribed.

Command:

AT+MQTTSUB?

Response:

+MQTTSUB:<LinkID>,<state>,<"topic1">,<qos>
+MQTTSUB:<LinkID>,<state>,<"topic2">,<qos>
+MQTTSUB:<LinkID>,<state>,<"topic3">,<qos>
...
OK

Set Command

Function:

Subscribe to defined MQTT topics with defined QoS. It supports subscribing to multiple topics.

Command:

AT+MQTTSUB=<LinkID>,<"topic">,<qos>

Response:

OK

When AT receives MQTT messages of the subscribed topic, it will prompt:

+MQTTSUBRECV:<LinkID>,<"topic">,<data_length>,data

If the topic has been subscribed before, it will prompt:

ALREADY SUBSCRIBE

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <state>: MQTT state.

    • 0: MQTT uninitialized.

    • 1: already set AT+MQTTUSERCFG.

    • 2: already set AT+MQTTCONNCFG.

    • 3: connection disconnected.

    • 4: connection established.

    • 5: connected, but subscribe to no topic.

    • 6: connected, and subscribed to MQTT topics.

  • <topic>: the topic that is subscribed to.

  • <qos>: the QoS that is subscribed to.

AT+MQTTUNSUB: Unsubscribe from MQTT Topics

Set Command

Function:

Unsubscribe the client from defined topics. This command can be called multiple times to unsubscribe from different topics.

Command:

AT+MQTTUNSUB=<LinkID>,<"topic">

Response:

OK

If the topic has not been subscribed, AT will prompt:

NO UNSUBSCRIBE

OK

Parameters

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

  • <topic>: MQTT topic. Maximum length: 128 bytes.

AT+MQTTCLEAN: Close MQTT Connections

Set Command

Function:

Close the MQTT connection and release the resource.

Command:

AT+MQTTCLEAN=<LinkID>

Response:

OK

Parameter

  • <LinkID>: only supports link ID 0 currently.

MQTT AT Error Codes

The MQTT Error code will be prompted as ERR CODE:0x<%08x>.

Error Type

Error Code

AT_MQTT_NO_CONFIGURED

0x6001

AT_MQTT_NOT_IN_CONFIGURED_STATE

0x6002

AT_MQTT_UNINITIATED_OR_ALREADY_CLEAN

0x6003

AT_MQTT_ALREADY_CONNECTED

0x6004

AT_MQTT_MALLOC_FAILED

0x6005

AT_MQTT_NULL_LINK

0x6006

AT_MQTT_NULL_PARAMTER

0x6007

AT_MQTT_PARAMETER_COUNTS_IS_WRONG

0x6008

AT_MQTT_TLS_CONFIG_ERROR

0x6009

AT_MQTT_PARAM_PREPARE_ERROR

0x600A

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_START_FAILED

0x600B

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_PUBLISH_FAILED

0x600C

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_SUBSCRIBE_FAILED

0x600D

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_UNSUBSCRIBE_FAILED

0x600E

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_DISCONNECT_FAILED

0x600F

AT_MQTT_LINK_ID_READ_FAILED

0x6010

AT_MQTT_LINK_ID_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6011

AT_MQTT_SCHEME_READ_FAILED

0x6012

AT_MQTT_SCHEME_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6013

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_ID_READ_FAILED

0x6014

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_ID_IS_NULL

0x6015

AT_MQTT_CLIENT_ID_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6016

AT_MQTT_USERNAME_READ_FAILED

0x6017

AT_MQTT_USERNAME_IS_NULL

0x6018

AT_MQTT_USERNAME_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6019

AT_MQTT_PASSWORD_READ_FAILED

0x601A

AT_MQTT_PASSWORD_IS_NULL

0x601B

AT_MQTT_PASSWORD_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x601C

AT_MQTT_CERT_KEY_ID_READ_FAILED

0x601D

AT_MQTT_CERT_KEY_ID_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x601E

AT_MQTT_CA_ID_READ_FAILED

0x601F

AT_MQTT_CA_ID_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6020

AT_MQTT_CA_LENGTH_ERROR

0x6021

AT_MQTT_CA_READ_FAILED

0x6022

AT_MQTT_CERT_LENGTH_ERROR

0x6023

AT_MQTT_CERT_READ_FAILED

0x6024

AT_MQTT_KEY_LENGTH_ERROR

0x6025

AT_MQTT_KEY_READ_FAILED

0x6026

AT_MQTT_PATH_READ_FAILED

0x6027

AT_MQTT_PATH_IS_NULL

0x6028

AT_MQTT_PATH_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6029

AT_MQTT_VERSION_READ_FAILED

0x602A

AT_MQTT_KEEPALIVE_READ_FAILED

0x602B

AT_MQTT_KEEPALIVE_IS_NULL

0x602C

AT_MQTT_KEEPALIVE_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x602D

AT_MQTT_DISABLE_CLEAN_SESSION_READ_FAILED

0x602E

AT_MQTT_DISABLE_CLEAN_SESSION_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x602F

AT_MQTT_LWT_TOPIC_READ_FAILED

0x6030

AT_MQTT_LWT_TOPIC_IS_NULL

0x6031

AT_MQTT_LWT_TOPIC_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6032

AT_MQTT_LWT_MSG_READ_FAILED

0x6033

AT_MQTT_LWT_MSG_IS_NULL

0x6034

AT_MQTT_LWT_MSG_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6035

AT_MQTT_LWT_QOS_READ_FAILED

0x6036

AT_MQTT_LWT_QOS_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6037

AT_MQTT_LWT_RETAIN_READ_FAILED

0x6038

AT_MQTT_LWT_RETAIN_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6039

AT_MQTT_HOST_READ_FAILED

0x603A

AT_MQTT_HOST_IS_NULL

0x603B

AT_MQTT_HOST_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x603C

AT_MQTT_PORT_READ_FAILED

0x603D

AT_MQTT_PORT_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x603E

AT_MQTT_RECONNECT_READ_FAILED

0x603F

AT_MQTT_RECONNECT_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6040

AT_MQTT_TOPIC_READ_FAILED

0x6041

AT_MQTT_TOPIC_IS_NULL

0x6042

AT_MQTT_TOPIC_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6043

AT_MQTT_DATA_READ_FAILED

0x6044

AT_MQTT_DATA_IS_NULL

0x6045

AT_MQTT_DATA_IS_OVERLENGTH

0x6046

AT_MQTT_QOS_READ_FAILED

0x6047

AT_MQTT_QOS_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x6048

AT_MQTT_RETAIN_READ_FAILED

0x6049

AT_MQTT_RETAIN_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x604A

AT_MQTT_PUBLISH_LENGTH_READ_FAILED

0x604B

AT_MQTT_PUBLISH_LENGTH_VALUE_IS_WRONG

0x604C

AT_MQTT_RECV_LENGTH_IS_WRONG

0x604D

AT_MQTT_CREATE_SEMA_FAILED

0x604E

AT_MQTT_CREATE_EVENT_GROUP_FAILED

0x604F

AT_MQTT_URI_PARSE_FAILED

0x6050

AT_MQTT_IN_DISCONNECTED_STATE

0x6051

AT_MQTT_HOSTNAME_VERIFY_FAILED

0x6052

MQTT AT Notes

  • In general, AT MQTT commands responds within 10 s, except the command AT+MQTTCONN. For example, if the router fails to access the Internet, the command AT+MQTTPUB will respond within 10 s. But the command AT+MQTTCONN may need more time due to packet retransmission in a bad network environment.

  • If the AT+MQTTCONN is based on a TLS connection, the timeout of each packet is 10 s, and the total timeout will be much longer depending on the handshake packets count.

  • When the MQTT connection ends, it will prompt the message +MQTTDISCONNECTED:<LinkID>.

  • When the MQTT connection established, it will prompt the message +MQTTCONNECTED:<LinkID>,<scheme>,<"host">,port,<"path">,<reconnect>.