Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C)

Introduction

I2C is a serial, synchronous, multi-device, half-duplex communication protocol that allows co-existence of multiple masters and slaves on the same bus. I2C uses two bidirectional open-drain lines: serial data line (SDA) and serial clock line (SCL), pulled up by resistors.

ESP32-C6 has 1 I2C controller (also called port), responsible for handling communication on the I2C bus. A single I2C controller can be a master or a slave.

Additionally, the ESP32-C6 chip has 1 low-power (LP) I2C controller. It is the cut-down version of regular I2C. Usually, the LP I2C controller only support basic I2C functionality with a much smaller RAM size, and does not support slave mode. For a full list of difference between HP I2C and LP I2C, please refer to the ESP32-C6 Technical Reference Manual > I2C Controller (I2C) > Features [PDF].

You can use LP I2C peripheral when HP I2C is not sufficient for users' usage. But please note again the LP I2C does not support all HP I2C functions. Please read docs before you use it.

Typically, an I2C slave device has a 7-bit address or 10-bit address. ESP32-C6 supports both I2C Standard-mode (Sm) and Fast-mode (Fm) which can go up to 100KHz and 400KHz respectively.

Warning

The clock frequency of SCL in master mode should not be larger than 400 KHz

Note

The frequency of SCL is influenced by both the pull-up resistor and the wire capacitance. Therefore, users are strongly recommended to choose appropriate pull-up resistors to make the frequency accurate. The recommended value for pull-up resistors usually ranges from 1K Ohms to 10K Ohms.

Keep in mind that the higher the frequency, the smaller the pull-up resistor should be (but not less than 1 KOhms). Indeed, large resistors will decline the current, which will increase the clock switching time and reduce the frequency. We usually recommend a range of 2 KOhms to 5 KOhms, but users may also need to make some adjustments depending on their current draw requirements.

I2C Clock Configuration

  • i2c_clock_source_t::I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT: Default I2C source clock.

  • i2c_clock_source_t::I2C_CLK_SRC_XTAL: External crystal for I2C clock source.

  • i2c_clock_source_t::I2C_CLK_RC_FAST: Internal 20MHz rc oscillator for I2C clock source.

I2C File Structure

I2C file structure

I2C file structure

Public headers that need to be included in the I2C application

  • i2c.h: The header file of legacy I2C APIs (for apps using legacy driver).

  • i2c_master.h: The header file that provides standard communication mode specific APIs (for apps using new driver with master mode).

  • i2c_slave.h: The header file that provides standard communication mode specific APIs (for apps using new driver with slave mode).

Note

The legacy driver can't coexist with the new driver. Include i2c.h to use the legacy driver or the other two headers to use the new driver. Please keep in mind that the legacy driver is now deprecated and will be removed in future.

Public headers that have been included in the headers above

  • i2c_types_legacy.h: The legacy public types that only used in the legacy driver.

  • i2c_types.h: The header file that provides public types.

Functional Overview

The I2C driver offers following services:

  • Resource Allocation - covers how to allocate I2C bus with properly set of configurations. It also covers how to recycle the resources when they finished working.

  • I2C Master Controller - covers behavior of I2C master controller. Introduce data transmit, data receive, and data transmit and receive.

  • I2C Slave Controller - covers behavior of I2C slave controller. Involve data transmit and data receive.

  • Power Management - describes how different source clock will affect power consumption.

  • IRAM Safe - describes tips on how to make the I2C interrupt work better along with a disabled cache.

  • Thread Safety - lists which APIs are guaranteed to be thread safe by the driver.

  • Kconfig Options - lists the supported Kconfig options that can bring different effects to the driver.

Resource Allocation

Both I2C master bus and I2C slave bus, when supported, are represented by i2c_bus_handle_t in the driver. The available ports are managed in a resource pool that allocates a free port on request.

Install I2C master bus and device

The I2C master is designed based on bus-device model. So i2c_master_bus_config_t and i2c_device_config_t are required separately to allocate the I2C master bus instance and I2C device instance.

I2C master bus-device module

I2C master bus-device module

I2C master bus requires the configuration that specified by i2c_master_bus_config_t:

If the configurations in i2c_master_bus_config_t is specified, users can call i2c_new_master_bus() to allocate and initialize an I2C master bus. This function will return an I2C bus handle if it runs correctly. Specifically, when there are no more I2C port available, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error.

I2C master device requires the configuration that specified by i2c_device_config_t:

Once the i2c_device_config_t structure is populated with mandatory parameters, users can call i2c_master_bus_add_device() to allocate an I2C device instance and mounted to the master bus then. This function will return an I2C device handle if it runs correctly. Specifically, when the I2C bus is not initialized properly, calling this function will result in a ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG error.

#include "driver/i2c_master.h"

i2c_master_bus_config_t i2c_mst_config = {
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SDA_IO,
    .glitch_ignore_cnt = 7,
    .flags.enable_internal_pullup = true,
};

i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_master_bus(&i2c_mst_config, &bus_handle));

i2c_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    .dev_addr_length = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .device_address = 0x58,
    .scl_speed_hz = 100000,
};

i2c_master_dev_handle_t dev_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_bus_add_device(bus_handle, &dev_cfg, &dev_handle));

Install I2C master bus with LP I2C Peripheral

Install I2C master bus with LP I2C peripheral is almost as same as how HP I2C peripheral is installed. However, there are still some difference user should take focus on including IOs, clock sources, i2c port number, etc. Following code will show you how to install I2C master bus with LP_I2C.

#include "driver/i2c_master.h"

i2c_master_bus_config_t i2c_mst_config = {
    .clk_source = LP_I2C_SCLK_DEFAULT,    // clock source for LP i2c, might different from HP I2C
    .i2c_port = LP_I2C_NUM_0,             // Assign to LP I2C port
    .scl_io_num = 7,                      // SCL IO number. Please refer to technical reference manual
    .sda_io_num = 6,                      // SDA IO number. Please refer to technical reference manual
    .glitch_ignore_cnt = 7,
    .flags.enable_internal_pullup = true,
};

i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_master_bus(&i2c_mst_config, &bus_handle));

i2c_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    .dev_addr_length = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .device_address = 0x58,
    .scl_speed_hz = 100000,
};

i2c_master_dev_handle_t dev_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_bus_add_device(bus_handle, &dev_cfg, &dev_handle));

Uninstall I2C master bus and device

If a previously installed I2C bus or device is no longer needed, it's recommended to recycle the resource by calling i2c_master_bus_rm_device() or i2c_del_master_bus(), so that to release the underlying hardware.

Install I2C slave device

I2C slave requires the configuration that specified by i2c_slave_config_t:

Once the i2c_slave_config_t structure is populated with mandatory parameters, users can call i2c_new_slave_device() to allocate and initialize an I2C master bus. This function will return an I2C bus handle if it runs correctly. Specifically, when there are no more I2C port available, this function will return ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND error.

i2c_slave_config_t i2c_slv_config = {
    .addr_bit_len = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .send_buf_depth = 256,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SDA_IO,
    .slave_addr = 0x58,
};

i2c_slave_dev_handle_t slave_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_slave_device(&i2c_slv_config, &slave_handle));

Uninstall I2C slave device

If a previously installed I2C bus is no longer needed, it's recommended to recycle the resource by calling i2c_del_slave_device(), so that to release the underlying hardware.

I2C Master Controller

After installing the i2c master driver by i2c_new_master_bus(), ESP32-C6 is ready to communicate with other I2C devices. I2C APIs allow the standard transactions. Like the wave as follows:

I2C Master Write

After installing I2C master bus successfully, you can simply call i2c_master_transmit() to write data to the slave device. The principle of this function can be explained by following chart.

In order to organize the process, the driver uses a command link, that should be populated with a sequence of commands and then passed to I2C controller for execution.

I2C master write to slave

I2C master write to slave

Simple example for writing data to slave:

#define DATA_LENGTH 100
i2c_master_bus_config_t i2c_mst_config = {
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = I2C_PORT_NUM_0,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SDA_IO,
    .glitch_ignore_cnt = 7,
};
i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle;

ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_master_bus(&i2c_mst_config, &bus_handle));

i2c_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    .dev_addr_length = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .device_address = 0x58,
    .scl_speed_hz = 100000,
};

i2c_master_dev_handle_t dev_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_bus_add_device(bus_handle, &dev_cfg, &dev_handle));

ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_transmit(dev_handle, data_wr, DATA_LENGTH, -1));

I2C master write also supports transmit multi buffer in one transaction. Take following transaction as a simple example:

uint8_t control_phase_byte = 0;
size_t control_phase_size = 0;
if (/*condition*/) {
    control_phase_byte = 1;
    control_phase_size = 1;
}

uint8_t *cmd_buffer = NULL;
size_t cmd_buffer_size = 0;
if (/*condition*/) {
    uint8_t cmds[4] = {BYTESHIFT(lcd_cmd, 3), BYTESHIFT(lcd_cmd, 2), BYTESHIFT(lcd_cmd, 1), BYTESHIFT(lcd_cmd, 0)};
    cmd_buffer = cmds;
    cmd_buffer_size = 4;
}

uint8_t *lcd_buffer = NULL;
size_t lcd_buffer_size = 0;
if (buffer) {
    lcd_buffer = (uint8_t*)buffer;
    lcd_buffer_size = buffer_size;
}

i2c_master_transmit_multi_buffer_info_t lcd_i2c_buffer[3] = {
    {.write_buffer = &control_phase_byte, .buffer_size = control_phase_size},
    {.write_buffer = cmd_buffer, .buffer_size = cmd_buffer_size},
    {.write_buffer = lcd_buffer, .buffer_size = lcd_buffer_size},
};

i2c_master_multi_buffer_transmit(handle, lcd_i2c_buffer, sizeof(lcd_i2c_buffer) / sizeof(i2c_master_transmit_multi_buffer_info_t), -1);

I2C Master Read

After installing I2C master bus successfully, you can simply call i2c_master_receive() to read data from the slave device. The principle of this function can be explained by following chart.

I2C master read from slave

I2C master read from slave

Simple example for reading data from slave:

#define DATA_LENGTH 100
i2c_master_bus_config_t i2c_mst_config = {
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = I2C_PORT_NUM_0,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SDA_IO,
    .glitch_ignore_cnt = 7,
};
i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle;

ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_master_bus(&i2c_mst_config, &bus_handle));

i2c_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    .dev_addr_length = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .device_address = 0x58,
    .scl_speed_hz = 100000,
};

i2c_master_dev_handle_t dev_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_bus_add_device(bus_handle, &dev_cfg, &dev_handle));

i2c_master_receive(dev_handle, data_rd, DATA_LENGTH, -1);

I2C Master Write and Read

Some I2C device needs write configurations before reading data from it, therefore, an interface called i2c_master_transmit_receive() can help. The principle of this function can be explained by following chart.

I2C master write to slave and read from slave

I2C master write to slave and read from slave

Simple example for writing and reading from slave:

i2c_device_config_t dev_cfg = {
    .dev_addr_length = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .device_address = 0x58,
    .scl_speed_hz = 100000,
};

i2c_master_dev_handle_t dev_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_bus_add_device(I2C_PORT_NUM_0, &dev_cfg, &dev_handle));
uint8_t buf[20] = {0x20};
uint8_t buffer[2];
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_transmit_receive(dev_handle, buf, sizeof(buf), buffer, 2, -1));

I2C Master Probe

I2C driver can use i2c_master_probe() to detect whether the specific device has been connected on I2C bus. If this function return ESP_OK, that means the device has been detected.

Important

Pull-ups must be connected to the SCL and SDA pins when this function is called. If you get ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT while xfer_timeout_ms was parsed correctly, you should check the pull-up resistors. If you do not have proper resistors nearby, setting flags.enable_internal_pullup as true is also acceptable.

I2C master probe

I2C master probe

Simple example for probing an I2C device:

i2c_master_bus_config_t i2c_mst_config_1 = {
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_MASTER_SDA_IO,
    .glitch_ignore_cnt = 7,
    .flags.enable_internal_pullup = true,
};
i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle;

ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_master_bus(&i2c_mst_config_1, &bus_handle));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_master_probe(bus_handle, 0x22, -1));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_del_master_bus(bus_handle));

I2C Slave Controller

After installing the i2c slave driver by i2c_new_slave_device(), ESP32-C6 is ready to communicate with other I2C master as a slave.

I2C Slave Write

The send buffer of the I2C slave is used as a FIFO to store the data to be sent. The data will queue up until the master requests them. You can call i2c_slave_transmit() to transfer data.

Simple example for writing data to FIFO:

uint8_t *data_wr = (uint8_t *) malloc(DATA_LENGTH);

i2c_slave_config_t i2c_slv_config = {
    .addr_bit_len = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,   // 7-bit address
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,    // set the clock source
    .i2c_port = 0,                        // set I2C port number
    .send_buf_depth = 256,                // set tx buffer length
    .scl_io_num = 2,                      // SCL gpio number
    .sda_io_num = 1,                      // SDA gpio number
    .slave_addr = 0x58,                   // slave address
};

i2c_bus_handle_t i2c_bus_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_slave_device(&i2c_slv_config, &i2c_bus_handle));
for (int i = 0; i < DATA_LENGTH; i++) {
    data_wr[i] = i;
}

ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_slave_transmit(i2c_bus_handle, data_wr, DATA_LENGTH, 10000));

I2C Slave Read

Whenever the master writes data to the slave, the slave will automatically store data in the receive buffer. This allows the slave application to call the function i2c_slave_receive() as its own discretion. As i2c_slave_receive() is designed as a non-blocking interface. So the user needs to register callback i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks() to know when the receive has finished.

static IRAM_ATTR bool i2c_slave_rx_done_callback(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t channel, const i2c_slave_rx_done_event_data_t *edata, void *user_data)
{
    BaseType_t high_task_wakeup = pdFALSE;
    QueueHandle_t receive_queue = (QueueHandle_t)user_data;
    xQueueSendFromISR(receive_queue, edata, &high_task_wakeup);
    return high_task_wakeup == pdTRUE;
}

uint8_t *data_rd = (uint8_t *) malloc(DATA_LENGTH);
uint32_t size_rd = 0;

i2c_slave_config_t i2c_slv_config = {
    .addr_bit_len = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .send_buf_depth = 256,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SDA_IO,
    .slave_addr = 0x58,
};

i2c_slave_dev_handle_t slave_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_slave_device(&i2c_slv_config, &slave_handle));

s_receive_queue = xQueueCreate(1, sizeof(i2c_slave_rx_done_event_data_t));
i2c_slave_event_callbacks_t cbs = {
    .on_recv_done = i2c_slave_rx_done_callback,
};
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks(slave_handle, &cbs, s_receive_queue));

i2c_slave_rx_done_event_data_t rx_data;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_slave_receive(slave_handle, data_rd, DATA_LENGTH));
xQueueReceive(s_receive_queue, &rx_data, pdMS_TO_TICKS(10000));
// Receive done.

Put Data In I2C Slave RAM

I2C slave fifo mentioned above can be used as RAM, which means user can access the RAM directly via address fields. For example, writing data to the 3rd ram block with following graph. Before using this, please note that i2c_slave_config_t::access_ram_en needs to be set to true.

Put data in I2C slave RAM

Put data in I2C slave RAM

uint8_t data_rd[DATA_LENGTH_RAM] = {0};

i2c_slave_config_t i2c_slv_config = {
    .addr_bit_len = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .send_buf_depth = 256,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SDA_IO,
    .slave_addr = 0x58,
    .flags.access_ram_en = true,
};

// Master write to slave.

i2c_slave_dev_handle_t slave_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_slave_device(&i2c_slv_config, &slave_handle));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_slave_read_ram(slave_handle, 0x5, data_rd, DATA_LENGTH_RAM));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_del_slave_device(slave_handle));

Get Data From I2C Slave RAM

Data can be stored in the RAM with a specific offset by the slave controller, and the master can read this data directly via the RAM address. For example, if the data is stored in 3rd ram block, master can read this data by following graph. Before using this, please note that i2c_slave_config_t::access_ram_en needs to be set to true.

Get data from I2C slave RAM

Get data from I2C slave RAM

uint8_t data_wr[DATA_LENGTH_RAM] = {0};

i2c_slave_config_t i2c_slv_config = {
    .addr_bit_len = I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7,
    .clk_source = I2C_CLK_SRC_DEFAULT,
    .i2c_port = TEST_I2C_PORT,
    .send_buf_depth = 256,
    .scl_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SCL_IO,
    .sda_io_num = I2C_SLAVE_SDA_IO,
    .slave_addr = 0x58,
    .flags.access_ram_en = true,
};

i2c_slave_dev_handle_t slave_handle;
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_new_slave_device(&i2c_slv_config, &slave_handle));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_slave_write_ram(slave_handle, 0x2, data_wr, DATA_LENGTH_RAM));
ESP_ERROR_CHECK(i2c_del_slave_device(slave_handle));

Register Event Callbacks

I2C master callbacks

When an I2C master bus triggers an interrupt, a specific event will be generated and notify the CPU. If you have some functions that need to be called when those events occurred, you can hook your functions to the ISR (Interrupt Service Routine) by calling i2c_master_register_event_callbacks(). Since the registered callback functions are called in the interrupt context, user should ensure the callback function doesn't attempt to block (e.g. by making sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix are called from within the function). The callback functions are required to return a boolean value, to tell the ISR whether a high priority task is woke up by it.

I2C master event callbacks are listed in the i2c_master_event_callbacks_t.

Although I2C is a synchronous communication protocol, we also support asynchronous behavior by registering above callback. In this way, I2C APIs will be non-blocking interface. But note that on the same bus, only one device can adopt asynchronous operation.

Important

I2C master asynchronous transaction is still an experimental feature. (The issue is when asynchronous transaction is very large, it will cause memory problem.)

  • i2c_master_event_callbacks_t::on_recv_done sets a callback function for master "transaction-done" event. The function prototype is declared in i2c_master_callback_t.

I2C slave callbacks

When an I2C slave bus triggers an interrupt, a specific event will be generated and notify the CPU. If you have some function that needs to be called when those events occurred, you can hook your function to the ISR (Interrupt Service Routine) by calling i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks(). Since the registered callback functions are called in the interrupt context, user should ensure the callback function doesn't attempt to block (e.g. by making sure that only FreeRTOS APIs with ISR suffix are called from within the function). The callback function has a boolean return value, to tell the caller whether a high priority task is woke up by it.

I2C slave event callbacks are listed in the i2c_slave_event_callbacks_t.

Power Management

If the controller clock source is selected to I2C_CLK_SRC_XTAL, then the driver won't install power management lock for it, which is more suitable for a low power application as long as the source clock can still provide sufficient resolution.

IRAM Safe

By default, the I2C interrupt will be deferred when the Cache is disabled for reasons like writing/erasing Flash. Thus the event callback functions will not get executed in time, which is not expected in a real-time application.

There's a Kconfig option CONFIG_I2C_ISR_IRAM_SAFE that will:

  1. Enable the interrupt being serviced even when cache is disabled

  2. Place all functions that used by the ISR into IRAM

  3. Place driver object into DRAM (in case it's mapped to PSRAM by accident)

This will allow the interrupt to run while the cache is disabled but will come at the cost of increased IRAM consumption.

Thread Safety

The factory function i2c_new_master_bus() and i2c_new_slave_device() are guaranteed to be thread safe by the driver, which means, user can call them from different RTOS tasks without protection by extra locks. Other public I2C APIs are not thread safe. which means the user should avoid calling them from multiple tasks, if user strongly needs to call them in multiple tasks, please add extra lock.

Kconfig Options

API Reference

Header File

  • components/esp_driver_i2c/include/driver/i2c_master.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "driver/i2c_master.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the esp_driver_i2c component. To declare that your component depends on esp_driver_i2c, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

Functions

esp_err_t i2c_new_master_bus(const i2c_master_bus_config_t *bus_config, i2c_master_bus_handle_t *ret_bus_handle)

Allocate an I2C master bus.

Parameters
  • bus_config -- [in] I2C master bus configuration.

  • ret_bus_handle -- [out] I2C bus handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C master bus initialized successfully.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C bus initialization failed because of invalid argument.

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create I2C bus failed because of out of memory.

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: No more free bus.

esp_err_t i2c_master_bus_add_device(i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle, const i2c_device_config_t *dev_config, i2c_master_dev_handle_t *ret_handle)

Add I2C master BUS device.

Parameters
  • bus_handle -- [in] I2C bus handle.

  • dev_config -- [in] device config.

  • ret_handle -- [out] device handle.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Create I2C master device successfully.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C bus initialization failed because of invalid argument.

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create I2C bus failed because of out of memory.

esp_err_t i2c_del_master_bus(i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle)

Deinitialize the I2C master bus and delete the handle.

Parameters

bus_handle -- [in] I2C bus handle.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete I2C bus success, otherwise, failed.

  • Otherwise: Some module delete failed.

esp_err_t i2c_master_bus_rm_device(i2c_master_dev_handle_t handle)

I2C master bus delete device.

Parameters

handle -- i2c device handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: If device is successfully deleted.

esp_err_t i2c_master_transmit(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, const uint8_t *write_buffer, size_t write_size, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Perform a write transaction on the I2C bus. The transaction will be undergoing until it finishes or it reaches the timeout provided.

Note

If a callback was registered with i2c_master_register_event_callbacks, the transaction will be asynchronous, and thus, this function will return directly, without blocking. You will get finish information from callback. Besides, data buffer should always be completely prepared when callback is registered, otherwise, the data will get corrupt.

Parameters
  • i2c_dev -- [in] I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • write_buffer -- [in] Data bytes to send on the I2C bus.

  • write_size -- [in] Size, in bytes, of the write buffer.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C master transmit success

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C master transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the bus is busy or hardware crash.

esp_err_t i2c_master_multi_buffer_transmit(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, i2c_master_transmit_multi_buffer_info_t *buffer_info_array, size_t array_size, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Transmit multiple buffers of data over an I2C bus.

This function transmits multiple buffers of data over an I2C bus using the specified I2C master device handle. It takes in an array of buffer information structures along with the size of the array and a transfer timeout value in milliseconds.

Parameters
  • i2c_dev -- I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • buffer_info_array -- Pointer to buffer information array.

  • array_size -- size of buffer information array.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C master transmit success

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C master transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the bus is busy or hardware crash.

esp_err_t i2c_master_transmit_receive(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, const uint8_t *write_buffer, size_t write_size, uint8_t *read_buffer, size_t read_size, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Perform a write-read transaction on the I2C bus. The transaction will be undergoing until it finishes or it reaches the timeout provided.

Note

If a callback was registered with i2c_master_register_event_callbacks, the transaction will be asynchronous, and thus, this function will return directly, without blocking. You will get finish information from callback. Besides, data buffer should always be completely prepared when callback is registered, otherwise, the data will get corrupt.

Parameters
  • i2c_dev -- [in] I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • write_buffer -- [in] Data bytes to send on the I2C bus.

  • write_size -- [in] Size, in bytes, of the write buffer.

  • read_buffer -- [out] Data bytes received from i2c bus.

  • read_size -- [in] Size, in bytes, of the read buffer.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C master transmit-receive success

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C master transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the bus is busy or hardware crash.

esp_err_t i2c_master_receive(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, uint8_t *read_buffer, size_t read_size, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Perform a read transaction on the I2C bus. The transaction will be undergoing until it finishes or it reaches the timeout provided.

Note

If a callback was registered with i2c_master_register_event_callbacks, the transaction will be asynchronous, and thus, this function will return directly, without blocking. You will get finish information from callback. Besides, data buffer should always be completely prepared when callback is registered, otherwise, the data will get corrupt.

Parameters
  • i2c_dev -- [in] I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • read_buffer -- [out] Data bytes received from i2c bus.

  • read_size -- [in] Size, in bytes, of the read buffer.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C master receive success

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C master receive parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the bus is busy or hardware crash.

esp_err_t i2c_master_probe(i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle, uint16_t address, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Probe I2C address, if address is correct and ACK is received, this function will return ESP_OK.

Attention

Pull-ups must be connected to the SCL and SDA pins when this function is called. If you get ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT whilexfer_timeout_mswas parsed correctly, you should check the pull-up resistors. If you do not have proper resistors nearby. flags.enable_internal_pullup` is also acceptable.

Note

The principle of this function is to sent device address with a write command. If the device on your I2C bus, there would be an ACK signal and function returns ESP_OK. If the device is not on your I2C bus, there would be a NACK signal and function returns ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND. ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT is not an expected failure, which indicated that the i2c probe not works properly, usually caused by pull-up resistors not be connected properly. Suggestion check data on SDA/SCL line to see whether there is ACK/NACK signal is on line when i2c probe function fails.

Note

There are lots of I2C devices all over the world, we assume that not all I2C device support the behavior like device_address+nack/ack. So, if the on line data is strange and no ack/nack got respond. Please check the device datasheet.

Parameters
  • bus_handle -- [in] I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • address -- [in] I2C device address that you want to probe.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever (Not recommended in this function).

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C device probe successfully

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_FOUND: I2C probe failed, doesn't find the device with specific address you gave.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the bus is busy or hardware crash.

esp_err_t i2c_master_register_event_callbacks(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, const i2c_master_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Register I2C transaction callbacks for a master device.

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Note

When CONFIG_I2C_ISR_IRAM_SAFE is enabled, the callback itself and functions called by it should be placed in IRAM. The variables used in the function should be in the SRAM as well. The user_data should also reside in SRAM.

Note

If the callback is used for helping asynchronous transaction. On the same bus, only one device can be used for performing asynchronous operation.

Parameters
  • i2c_dev -- [in] I2C master device handle that created by i2c_master_bus_add_device.

  • cbs -- [in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data -- [in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set I2C transaction callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set I2C transaction callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set I2C transaction callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t i2c_master_bus_reset(i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle)

Reset the I2C master bus.

Parameters

bus_handle -- I2C bus handle.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Reset succeed.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C master bus handle is not initialized.

  • Otherwise: Reset failed.

esp_err_t i2c_master_bus_wait_all_done(i2c_master_bus_handle_t bus_handle, int timeout_ms)

Wait for all pending I2C transactions done.

Parameters
  • bus_handle -- [in] I2C bus handle

  • timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Specially, -1 means to wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Flush transactions successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Flush transactions failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Flush transactions failed because of timeout

  • ESP_FAIL: Flush transactions failed because of other error

Structures

struct i2c_master_bus_config_t

I2C master bus specific configurations.

Public Members

i2c_port_num_t i2c_port

I2C port number, -1 for auto selecting, (not include LP I2C instance)

gpio_num_t sda_io_num

GPIO number of I2C SDA signal, pulled-up internally

gpio_num_t scl_io_num

GPIO number of I2C SCL signal, pulled-up internally

i2c_clock_source_t clk_source

Clock source of I2C master bus

lp_i2c_clock_source_t lp_source_clk

LP_UART source clock selection

uint8_t glitch_ignore_cnt

If the glitch period on the line is less than this value, it can be filtered out, typically value is 7 (unit: I2C module clock cycle)

int intr_priority

I2C interrupt priority, if set to 0, driver will select the default priority (1,2,3).

size_t trans_queue_depth

Depth of internal transfer queue, increase this value can support more transfers pending in the background, only valid in asynchronous transaction. (Typically max_device_num * per_transaction)

uint32_t enable_internal_pullup

Enable internal pullups. Note: This is not strong enough to pullup buses under high-speed frequency. Recommend proper external pull-up if possible

struct i2c_master_bus_config_t::[anonymous] flags

I2C master config flags

struct i2c_device_config_t

I2C device configuration.

Public Members

i2c_addr_bit_len_t dev_addr_length

Select the address length of the slave device.

uint16_t device_address

I2C device raw address. (The 7/10 bit address without read/write bit)

uint32_t scl_speed_hz

I2C SCL line frequency.

uint32_t scl_wait_us

Timeout value. (unit: us). Please note this value should not be so small that it can handle stretch/disturbance properly. If 0 is set, that means use the default reg value

uint32_t disable_ack_check

Disable ACK check. If this is set false, that means ack check is enabled, the transaction will be stopped and API returns error when nack is detected.

struct i2c_device_config_t::[anonymous] flags

I2C device config flags

struct i2c_master_transmit_multi_buffer_info_t

I2C master transmit buffer information structure.

Public Members

uint8_t *write_buffer

Pointer to buffer to be written.

size_t buffer_size

Size of data to be written.

struct i2c_master_event_callbacks_t

Group of I2C master callbacks, can be used to get status during transaction or doing other small things. But take care potential concurrency issues.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR context

Note

When CONFIG_I2C_ISR_IRAM_SAFE is enabled, the callback itself and functions called by it should be placed in IRAM. The variables used in the function should be in the SRAM as well.

Public Members

i2c_master_callback_t on_trans_done

I2C master transaction finish callback

Header File

  • components/esp_driver_i2c/include/driver/i2c_slave.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "driver/i2c_slave.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the esp_driver_i2c component. To declare that your component depends on esp_driver_i2c, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

Functions

esp_err_t i2c_new_slave_device(const i2c_slave_config_t *slave_config, i2c_slave_dev_handle_t *ret_handle)

Initialize an I2C slave device.

Parameters
  • slave_config -- [in] I2C slave device configurations

  • ret_handle -- [out] Return a generic I2C device handle

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C slave device initialized successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C device initialization failed because of invalid argument.

  • ESP_ERR_NO_MEM: Create I2C device failed because of out of memory.

esp_err_t i2c_del_slave_device(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave)

Deinitialize the I2C slave device.

Parameters

i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Delete I2C device successfully.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C device initialization failed because of invalid argument.

esp_err_t i2c_slave_receive(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, uint8_t *data, size_t buffer_size)

Read bytes from I2C internal buffer. Start a job to receive I2C data.

Note

This function is non-blocking, it initiates a new receive job and then returns. User should check the received data from the on_recv_done callback that registered by i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks().

Parameters
  • i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

  • data -- [out] Buffer to store data from I2C fifo. Should be valid until on_recv_done is triggered.

  • buffer_size -- [in] Buffer size of data that provided by users.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C slave receive success.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C slave receive parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_SUPPORTED: This function should be work in fifo mode, but I2C_SLAVE_NONFIFO mode is configured

esp_err_t i2c_slave_transmit(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, const uint8_t *data, int size, int xfer_timeout_ms)

Write bytes to internal ringbuffer of the I2C slave data. When the TX fifo empty, the ISR will fill the hardware FIFO with the internal ringbuffer's data.

Note

If you connect this slave device to some master device, the data transaction direction is from slave device to master device.

Parameters
  • i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

  • data -- [in] Buffer to write to slave fifo, can pickup by master. Can be freed after this function returns. Equal or larger than size.

  • size -- [in] In bytes, of data buffer.

  • xfer_timeout_ms -- [in] Wait timeout, in ms. Note: -1 means wait forever.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C slave transmit success.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C slave transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT: Operation timeout(larger than xfer_timeout_ms) because the device is busy or hardware crash.

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_SUPPORTED: This function should be work in fifo mode, but I2C_SLAVE_NONFIFO mode is configured

esp_err_t i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, const i2c_slave_event_callbacks_t *cbs, void *user_data)

Set I2C slave event callbacks for I2C slave channel.

Note

User can deregister a previously registered callback by calling this function and setting the callback member in the cbs structure to NULL.

Note

When CONFIG_I2C_ISR_IRAM_SAFE is enabled, the callback itself and functions called by it should be placed in IRAM. The variables used in the function should be in the SRAM as well. The user_data should also reside in SRAM.

Parameters
  • i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

  • cbs -- [in] Group of callback functions

  • user_data -- [in] User data, which will be passed to callback functions directly

Returns

  • ESP_OK: Set I2C transaction callbacks successfully

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: Set I2C transaction callbacks failed because of invalid argument

  • ESP_FAIL: Set I2C transaction callbacks failed because of other error

esp_err_t i2c_slave_read_ram(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, uint8_t ram_address, uint8_t *data, size_t receive_size)

Read bytes from I2C internal ram. This can be only used when access_ram_en in configuration structure set to true.

Parameters
  • i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

  • ram_address -- [in] The offset of RAM (Cannot larger than I2C RAM memory)

  • data -- [out] Buffer to store data read from I2C ram.

  • receive_size -- [in] Received size from RAM.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C slave transmit success.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C slave transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_SUPPORTED: This function should be work in non-fifo mode, but I2C_SLAVE_FIFO mode is configured

esp_err_t i2c_slave_write_ram(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, uint8_t ram_address, const uint8_t *data, size_t size)

Write bytes to I2C internal ram. This can be only used when access_ram_en in configuration structure set to true.

Parameters
  • i2c_slave -- [in] I2C slave device handle that created by i2c_new_slave_device.

  • ram_address -- [in] The offset of RAM (Cannot larger than I2C RAM memory)

  • data -- [in] Buffer to fill.

  • size -- [in] Received size from RAM.

Returns

  • ESP_OK: I2C slave transmit success.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_ARG: I2C slave transmit parameter invalid.

  • ESP_ERR_INVALID_SIZE: Write size is larger than

  • ESP_ERR_NOT_SUPPORTED: This function should be work in non-fifo mode, but I2C_SLAVE_FIFO mode is configured

Structures

struct i2c_slave_config_t

I2C slave specific configurations.

Public Members

i2c_port_num_t i2c_port

I2C port number, -1 for auto selecting

gpio_num_t sda_io_num

SDA IO number used by I2C bus

gpio_num_t scl_io_num

SCL IO number used by I2C bus

i2c_clock_source_t clk_source

Clock source of I2C bus.

uint32_t send_buf_depth

Depth of internal transfer ringbuffer, increase this value can support more transfers pending in the background

uint16_t slave_addr

I2C slave address

i2c_addr_bit_len_t addr_bit_len

I2C slave address in bit length

int intr_priority

I2C interrupt priority, if set to 0, driver will select the default priority (1,2,3).

uint32_t stretch_en

Enable slave stretch

uint32_t broadcast_en

I2C slave enable broadcast

uint32_t access_ram_en

Can get access to I2C RAM directly

uint32_t slave_unmatch_en

Can trigger unmatch interrupt when slave address does not match what master sends

struct i2c_slave_config_t::[anonymous] flags

I2C slave config flags

struct i2c_slave_event_callbacks_t

Group of I2C slave callbacks (e.g. get i2c slave stretch cause). But take care of potential concurrency issues.

Note

The callbacks are all running under ISR context

Note

When CONFIG_I2C_ISR_IRAM_SAFE is enabled, the callback itself and functions called by it should be placed in IRAM. The variables used in the function should be in the SRAM as well.

Public Members

i2c_slave_stretch_callback_t on_stretch_occur

I2C slave stretched callback

i2c_slave_received_callback_t on_recv_done

I2C slave receive done callback

Header File

  • components/esp_driver_i2c/include/driver/i2c_types.h

  • This header file can be included with:

    #include "driver/i2c_types.h"
    
  • This header file is a part of the API provided by the esp_driver_i2c component. To declare that your component depends on esp_driver_i2c, add the following to your CMakeLists.txt:

    REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

    or

    PRIV_REQUIRES esp_driver_i2c
    

Structures

struct i2c_master_event_data_t

Data type used in I2C event callback.

Public Members

i2c_master_event_t event

The I2C hardware event that I2C callback is called.

struct i2c_slave_rx_done_event_data_t

Event structure used in I2C slave.

Public Members

uint8_t *buffer

Pointer for buffer received in callback.

struct i2c_slave_stretch_event_data_t

Stretch cause event structure used in I2C slave.

Public Members

i2c_slave_stretch_cause_t stretch_cause

Stretch cause can be got in callback

Type Definitions

typedef int i2c_port_num_t

I2C port number.

typedef struct i2c_master_bus_t *i2c_master_bus_handle_t

Type of I2C master bus handle.

typedef struct i2c_master_dev_t *i2c_master_dev_handle_t

Type of I2C master bus device handle.

typedef struct i2c_slave_dev_t *i2c_slave_dev_handle_t

Type of I2C slave device handle.

typedef bool (*i2c_master_callback_t)(i2c_master_dev_handle_t i2c_dev, const i2c_master_event_data_t *evt_data, void *arg)

An callback for I2C transaction.

Param i2c_dev

[in] Handle for I2C device.

Param evt_data

[out] I2C capture event data, fed by driver

Param arg

[in] User data, set in i2c_master_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

typedef bool (*i2c_slave_received_callback_t)(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, const i2c_slave_rx_done_event_data_t *evt_data, void *arg)

Callback signature for I2C slave.

Param i2c_slave

[in] Handle for I2C slave.

Param evt_data

[out] I2C capture event data, fed by driver

Param arg

[in] User data, set in i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

typedef bool (*i2c_slave_stretch_callback_t)(i2c_slave_dev_handle_t i2c_slave, const i2c_slave_stretch_event_data_t *evt_cause, void *arg)

Callback signature for I2C slave stretch.

Param i2c_slave

[in] Handle for I2C slave.

Param evt_cause

[out] I2C capture event cause, fed by driver

Param user_ctx

[in] User data, set in i2c_slave_register_event_callbacks()

Return

Whether a high priority task has been waken up by this function

Enumerations

enum i2c_master_status_t

Enumeration for I2C fsm status.

Values:

enumerator I2C_STATUS_READ

read status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_WRITE

write status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_START

Start status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_STOP

stop status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_IDLE

idle status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_ACK_ERROR

ack error status for current master command

enumerator I2C_STATUS_DONE

I2C command done

enumerator I2C_STATUS_TIMEOUT

I2C bus status error, and operation timeout

enum i2c_master_event_t

Enumeration for I2C event.

Values:

enumerator I2C_EVENT_ALIVE

i2c bus in alive status.

enumerator I2C_EVENT_DONE

i2c bus transaction done

enumerator I2C_EVENT_NACK

i2c bus nack

enumerator I2C_EVENT_TIMEOUT

i2c bus timeout

Header File

Structures

struct i2c_hal_clk_config_t

Data structure for calculating I2C bus timing.

Public Members

uint16_t clkm_div

I2C core clock divider

uint16_t scl_low

I2C scl low period

uint16_t scl_high

I2C scl high period

uint16_t scl_wait_high

I2C scl wait_high period

uint16_t sda_hold

I2C scl low period

uint16_t sda_sample

I2C sda sample time

uint16_t setup

I2C start and stop condition setup period

uint16_t hold

I2C start and stop condition hold period

uint16_t tout

I2C bus timeout period

Type Definitions

typedef soc_periph_i2c_clk_src_t i2c_clock_source_t

I2C group clock source.

typedef soc_periph_lp_i2c_clk_src_t lp_i2c_clock_source_t

LP_UART source clock.

Enumerations

enum i2c_port_t

I2C port number, can be I2C_NUM_0 ~ (I2C_NUM_MAX-1).

Values:

enumerator I2C_NUM_0

I2C port 0

enumerator LP_I2C_NUM_0
enumerator I2C_NUM_MAX

I2C port max

enum i2c_addr_bit_len_t

Enumeration for I2C device address bit length.

Values:

enumerator I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_7

i2c address bit length 7

enumerator I2C_ADDR_BIT_LEN_10

i2c address bit length 10

enum i2c_mode_t

Values:

enumerator I2C_MODE_SLAVE

I2C slave mode

enumerator I2C_MODE_MASTER

I2C master mode

enumerator I2C_MODE_MAX
enum i2c_rw_t

Values:

enumerator I2C_MASTER_WRITE

I2C write data

enumerator I2C_MASTER_READ

I2C read data

enum i2c_trans_mode_t

Values:

enumerator I2C_DATA_MODE_MSB_FIRST

I2C data msb first

enumerator I2C_DATA_MODE_LSB_FIRST

I2C data lsb first

enumerator I2C_DATA_MODE_MAX
enum i2c_addr_mode_t

Values:

enumerator I2C_ADDR_BIT_7

I2C 7bit address for slave mode

enumerator I2C_ADDR_BIT_10

I2C 10bit address for slave mode

enumerator I2C_ADDR_BIT_MAX
enum i2c_ack_type_t

Values:

enumerator I2C_MASTER_ACK

I2C ack for each byte read

enumerator I2C_MASTER_NACK

I2C nack for each byte read

enumerator I2C_MASTER_LAST_NACK

I2C nack for the last byte

enumerator I2C_MASTER_ACK_MAX
enum i2c_slave_stretch_cause_t

Enum for I2C slave stretch causes.

Values:

enumerator I2C_SLAVE_STRETCH_CAUSE_ADDRESS_MATCH

Stretching SCL low when the slave is read by the master and the address just matched

enumerator I2C_SLAVE_STRETCH_CAUSE_TX_EMPTY

Stretching SCL low when TX FIFO is empty in slave mode

enumerator I2C_SLAVE_STRETCH_CAUSE_RX_FULL

Stretching SCL low when RX FIFO is full in slave mode

enumerator I2C_SLAVE_STRETCH_CAUSE_SENDING_ACK

Stretching SCL low when slave sending ACK