Call function with external stack

Overview

A given function can be executed with a user allocated stack space which is independent of current task stack, this mechanism can be used to save stack space wasted by tasks which call a common function with intensive stack usage such as printf. The given function can be called inside the shared stack space which is a callback function deferred by calling esp_execute_shared_stack_function(), passing that function as parameter

Usage

esp_execute_shared_stack_function() takes four arguments:

  • a mutex object allocated by the caller, which is used to protect if the same function shares its allocated stack

  • a pointer to the top of stack used for that fuction

  • the size of stack in bytes

  • a pointer to the shared stack function

The user defined function will be deferred as a callback and can be called using the user allocated space without taking space from current task stack.

The usage may look like the code below:

void external_stack_function(void)
{
    printf("Executing this printf from external stack! \n");
}

//Let's suppose we want to call printf using a separated stack space
//allowing the app to reduce its stack size.
void app_main()
{
    //Allocate a stack buffer, from heap or as a static form:
    portSTACK_TYPE *shared_stack = malloc(8192 * sizeof(portSTACK_TYPE));
    assert(shared_stack != NULL);

    //Allocate a mutex to protect its usage:
    SemaphoreHandle_t printf_lock = xSemaphoreCreateMutex();
    assert(printf_lock != NULL);

    //Call the desired function using the macro helper:
    esp_execute_shared_stack_function(printf_lock,
                                    shared_stack,
                                    8192,
                                    external_stack_function);

    vSemaphoreDelete(printf_lock);
    free(shared_stack);
}

API Reference

Functions

void esp_execute_shared_stack_function(SemaphoreHandle_t lock, void *stack, size_t stack_size, shared_stack_function function)

Calls user defined shared stack space function.

Note

if either lock, stack or stack size is invalid, the expression will be called using the current stack.

Parameters
  • lock: Mutex object to protect in case of shared stack

  • stack: Pointer to user alocated stack

  • stack_size: Size of current stack in bytes

  • function: pointer to the shared stack function to be executed

Macros

ESP_EXECUTE_EXPRESSION_WITH_STACK(lock, stack, stack_size, expression)

Type Definitions

typedef void (*shared_stack_function)(void)