Hardware Connection

[中文]

This document introduces what hardware you need to prepare and how to connect them in order to download AT firmware, send AT commands, and receive AT responses. It covers the following four ESP series of modules:

For different series of modules, the commands supported by AT firmware are different. Please refer to ESP-AT Firmware Differences for more details.

What You Need

List of Components Required for ESP-AT Testing
Component Function
ESP board Slave MCU.
USB cable (ESP borad to PC) Download/Log output connection.
PC Act as Host MCU. Download firmware to Slave MCU.
USB cable (PC to serial port converter) AT command/response connection.
USB to serial port converter Convert between USB signals and TTL signals.
Jumper wires (serial port converter to ESP board) AT command/response connection.
Connection of Components for ESP-AT Testing

Connection of Components for ESP-AT Testing

Please note that in the above picture, four jump wires are used to connect the ESP board and USB to serial converter. If you don’t use hardware flow control, two wires connecting TX/RX and a simpler converter will be enough.

ESP32 Series

ESP32 AT uses two UART ports: UART0 is used to download firmware and log output; UART1 is used to send AT commands and receive AT responses. Both UART0 and UART1 use 115200 baud rate for communication by default.

All ESP32 modules use GPIO1 and GPIO3 as UART0, but they use different GPIOs as UART1. The following sections illustrate which GPIOs you should connect for each ESP32 series of modules.

For more details of ESP32 modules and boards, please refer to ESP32 Modules and Boards.

ESP32-WROOM-32 Series

ESP32-WROOM-32 Series Hardware Connection Pinout
Function of Connection ESP Board Pins Other Device Pins
Download/Log output 1
UART0
  • GPIO3 (RX)
  • GPIO1 (TX)
PC
  • TX
  • RX
AT command/response 2
UART1
  • GPIO16 (RX)
  • GPIO17 (TX)
  • GPIO15 (CTS)
  • GPIO14 (RTS)
USB to serial converter
  • TX
  • RX
  • RTS
  • CTS

Note 1: Connection between individual pins of the ESP board and the PC is already established internally on the ESP board. You only need to provide USB cable between the board and PC.

Note 2: Connection between CTS/RTS is optional, depending on whether you want to use hardware flow control.

ESP32-WROOM-32 Series Hardware Connection

ESP32-WROOM-32 Series Hardware Connection

If you want to connect your device directly with ESP32-WROOM-32 rather than the ESP board that integrates it, please refer to ESP32-WROOM-32 Datasheet for more details.

ESP32-WROVER Series

ESP32-WROVER Series Hardware Connection Pinout
Function of Connection ESP Board Pins Other Device Pins
Download/Log output 1
UART0
  • GPIO3 (RX)
  • GPIO1 (TX)
PC
  • TX
  • RX
AT command/response 2
UART1
  • GPIO19 (RX)
  • GPIO22 (TX)
  • GPIO15 (CTS)
  • GPIO14 (RTS)
USB to serial converter
  • TX
  • RX
  • RTS
  • CTS

Note 1: Connection between individual pins of the ESP board and the PC is already established internally on the ESP board. You only need to provide USB cable between the board and PC.

Note 2: Connection between CTS/RTS is optional, depending on whether you want to use hardware flow control.

ESP32-WROVER Series Hardware Connection

ESP32-WROVER Series Hardware Connection

If you want to connect your device directly with ESP32-WROVER rather than the ESP board that integrates it, please refer to ESP32-WROVER Datasheet for more details.

ESP32-PICO Series

ESP32-PICO Series Hardware Connection Pinout
Function of Connection ESP Board Pins Other Device Pins
Download/Log output 1
UART0
  • GPIO3 (RX)
  • GPIO1 (TX)
PC
  • TX
  • RX
AT command/response 2
UART1
  • GPIO19 (RX)
  • GPIO22 (TX)
  • GPIO15 (CTS)
  • GPIO14 (RTS)
USB to serial converter
  • TX
  • RX
  • RTS
  • CTS

Note 1: Connection between individual pins of the ESP board and the PC is already established internally on the ESP board. You only need to provide USB cable between the board and PC.

Note 2: Connection between CTS/RTS is optional, depending on whether you want to use hardware flow control.

ESP32-PICO Series Hardware Connection

ESP32-PICO Series Hardware Connection

If you want to connect your device directly with ESP32-PICO-D4 rather than the ESP board that integrates it, please refer to ESP32-PICO-D4 Datasheet for more details.

ESP32-SOLO Series

ESP32-SOLO Series Hardware Connection Pinout
Function of Connection ESP Board Pins Other Device Pins
Download/Log output 1
UART0
  • GPIO3 (RX)
  • GPIO1 (TX)
PC
  • TX
  • RX
AT command/response 2
UART1
  • GPIO16 (RX)
  • GPIO17 (TX)
  • GPIO15 (CTS)
  • GPIO14 (RTS)
USB to serial converter
  • TX
  • RX
  • RTS
  • CTS

Note 1: Connection between individual pins of the ESP board and the PC is already established internally on the ESP board. You only need to provide USB cable between the board and PC.

Note 2: Connection between CTS/RTS is optional, depending on whether you want to use hardware flow control.

ESP32-SOLO Series Hardware Connection

ESP32-SOLO Series Hardware Connection

If you want to connect your device directly with ESP32-SOLO-1 rather than the ESP board that integrates it, please refer to ESP32-SOLO-1 Datasheet for more details.

ESP32-C3 Series

ESP32-C3 AT uses two UART ports: UART0 is used to download firmware and log output; UART1 is used to send AT commands and receive AT responses. Both UART0 and UART1 use 115200 baud rate for communication by default.

ESP32-C3 Series Hardware Connection Pinout
Function of Connection ESP Board Pins Other Device Pins
Download/Log output 1
UART0
  • GPIO20 (RX)
  • GPIO21 (TX)
PC
  • TX
  • RX
AT command/response 2
UART1
  • GPIO6 (RX)
  • GPIO7 (TX)
  • GPIO5 (CTS)
  • GPIO4 (RTS)
USB to serial converter
  • TX
  • RX
  • RTS
  • CTS

Note 1: Connection between individual pins of the ESP board and the PC is already established internally on the ESP board. You only need to provide USB cable between the board and PC.

Note 2: Connection between CTS/RTS is optional, depending on whether you want to use hardware flow control.

ESP32-C3 Series Hardware Connection

ESP32-C3 Series Hardware Connection

If you want to connect your device directly with ESP32-C3-MINI-1 rather than the ESP board that integrates it, please refer to ESP32-C3-MINI-1 Datasheet for more details.